How to make my mixed fruit tree-vegetable systems resilient? Types and ranges of resilience levers used by French Mediterranean farmers - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Agroforestry Systems Year : 2024

How to make my mixed fruit tree-vegetable systems resilient? Types and ranges of resilience levers used by French Mediterranean farmers

Léa Garreau
Rodolphe Sabatier
Marc Tchamitchian

Abstract

Resilience is a property of agricultural systems that enables them to face disturbances. A type of agroforestry - mixed fruit tree-vegetable system (MFVS) is gaining interest regarding its potential to improve resilience. However, research has yet to be done on the resilience of farms that include a MFVS. Analyzing farmers' point of view makes possible approaching this complex resilience process. Our hypothesis is that different decisions about MFVS management can be made to reach farmers' satisfaction goals in the face of disturbances. We conducted 18 semi-structured interviews with farmers who have adopted a MFVS in the French Mediterranean area. We found that two types of levers confer resilience to MFVSs: piloting and structuring the system. Regarding the ranges of resilience levers, farmers either adopted multidimensional levers that combine agronomic, ecological, economic and social levers, or that mainly rely on ecological levers. The satisfactory states that farmers are looking for in their MFVSs are described according to five components: (i) global organization of the farm; (ii) agroecological management of the plot; (iii) economic performance; (iv) provision of ecosystem services; and (v) belonging to a knowledge producing community. Our work also showed that the relative importance and hierarchy of these components partly reflect the weight that farmers give to the different levers they choose to mobilize in order to be resilient. This work emphasizes the multiple choices of resilience levers of farmers and the diversity of identities of MFVSs, calling for research to adapt the evaluation of resilience to farmers' specific objectives.
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Dates and versions

hal-04643943 , version 1 (10-07-2024)

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Léa Garreau, Rodolphe Sabatier, Marc Tchamitchian. How to make my mixed fruit tree-vegetable systems resilient? Types and ranges of resilience levers used by French Mediterranean farmers. Agroforestry Systems, 2024, ⟨10.1007/s10457-024-00980-1⟩. ⟨hal-04643943⟩
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