G. Hotamisligil, Inflammation and metabolic disorders, Nature, vol.314, issue.7121, pp.860-867, 2006.
DOI : 10.1038/nature05485

M. Zulet, B. Puchau, C. Navarro, A. Marti, and J. Martinez, Inflammatory biomarkers: the link between obesity and associated pathologies, Nutr Hosp, vol.22, pp.511-527, 2007.

H. Waki and P. Tontonoz, Endocrine Functions of Adipose Tissue, Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease, vol.2, issue.1, pp.31-56, 2007.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.pathol.2.010506.091859

N. Ouchi, J. Parker, J. Lugus, and K. Walsh, Adipokines in inflammation and metabolic disease, Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.38, issue.2, pp.85-97, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/nri2921

J. Todoric, M. Loffler, J. Huber, M. Bilban, M. Reimers et al., Adipose tissue inflammation induced by high-fat diet in obese diabetic mice is prevented by n???3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, Diabetologia, vol.40, issue.9, pp.2109-2119, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s00125-006-0300-x

S. Weisberg, D. Mccann, M. Desai, M. Rosenbaum, R. Leibel et al., Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue, Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.112, issue.12, pp.1796-1808, 2003.
DOI : 10.1172/JCI19246DS1

H. Xu, G. Barnes, Q. Yang, G. Tan, D. Yang et al., Chronic inflammation in fat plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related insulin resistance, Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.112, issue.12, pp.1821-1830, 2003.
DOI : 10.1172/JCI19451DS1

S. Park, N. Park, G. Valacchi, and Y. Lim, Calorie restriction with a high-fat diet effectively attenuated inflammatory response and oxidative stressrelated markers in obese tissues of the high diet fed rats, Mediators Inflamm, 2012.

M. Lankinen, U. Schwab, A. Erkkila, T. Seppanen-laakso, M. Hannila et al., Fatty Fish Intake Decreases Lipids Related to Inflammation and Insulin Signaling???A Lipidomics Approach, PLoS ONE, vol.1, issue.4, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0005258.s002

J. Kopecky, M. Rossmeisl, P. Flachs, O. Kuda, P. Brauner et al., n-3 PUFA: bioavailability and modulation of adipose tissue function, Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol.404, issue.04, pp.361-369, 2009.
DOI : 10.1152/ajpendo.00440.2004

P. Flachs, M. Rossmeisl, M. Bryhn, and J. Kopecky, ???3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on adipose tissue biology and metabolism, Clinical Science, vol.116, issue.1, pp.1-16, 2009.
DOI : 10.1042/CS20070456

A. Defilippis, M. Blaha, and T. Jacobson, Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine, vol.29, issue.7, pp.365-380, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s11936-010-0079-4

M. Hashimoto and S. Hossain, Neuroprotective and Ameliorative Actions of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Against Neuronal Diseases: Beneficial Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid on Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer???s Disease, Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, vol.116, issue.2, pp.150-162, 2011.
DOI : 10.1254/jphs.10R33FM

M. Bousquet, F. Calon, and F. Cicchetti, Impact of omega-3 fatty acids in Parkinson's disease, Ageing Research Reviews, vol.10, issue.4, pp.453-463, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.arr.2011.03.001

J. Tou, J. Jaczynski, and Y. Chen, Krill for Human Consumption: Nutritional Value and Potential Health Benefits, Nutrition Reviews, vol.65, issue.2, pp.63-77, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2007.tb00283.x

P. Calder, -3) fatty acids in inflammatory processes, atherosclerosis and plaque stability, Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol.376, issue.7, pp.1073-1080, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/mnfr.201100710

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01055055

K. Morizawa, M. Tsuchida, Y. Nakano, H. Hibino, and Y. Tanaka, Dietary Oils and Phospholipids Containing n-3 Highly Unsaturated Fatty Acids Suppress 2, 4-Dinitro-1-fluorobenzene-induced Contact Dermatitis in Mice, Journal of Japan Oil Chemists' Society, vol.49, issue.1, pp.59-65, 2000.
DOI : 10.5650/jos1996.49.59

M. Rossmeisl, Z. Jilkova, O. Kuda, T. Jelenik, D. Medrikova et al., Metabolic effects of n-3 PUFA as phospholipids are superior to triglycerides in mice fed a highfat diet: possible role of endocannabinoids, PLoS One, 2012.

S. Hiratsuka, K. Ishihara, T. Kitagawa, S. Wada, and H. Yokogoshi, Effect of Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid Connecting Phospholipids on the Lipid Peroxidation of the Brain in Mice, Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, vol.54, issue.6, pp.501-506, 2008.
DOI : 10.3177/jnsv.54.501

S. Hiratsuka, K. Koizumi, T. Ooba, and H. Yokogoshi, Effects of Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid Connecting Phospholipids on the Learning Ability and Fatty Acid Composition of the Brain, Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, vol.55, issue.4, pp.374-380, 2009.
DOI : 10.3177/jnsv.55.374

B. Batetta, M. Griinari, G. Carta, E. Murru, A. Ligresti et al., Endocannabinoids May Mediate the Ability of (n-3) Fatty Acids to Reduce Ectopic Fat and Inflammatory Mediators in Obese Zucker Rats, Journal of Nutrition, vol.139, issue.8, pp.1495-1501, 2009.
DOI : 10.3945/jn.109.104844

R. Bunea, E. Farrah, K. Deutsch, and L. , Evaluation of the effects of Neptune Krill Oil on the clinical course of hyperlipidemia, Altern Med Rev, vol.9, pp.420-428, 2004.

N. Vigerust, B. Bjorndal, P. Bohov, T. Brattelid, A. Svardal et al., Krill oil versus fish oil in modulation of inflammation and lipid metabolism in mice transgenic for TNF-alpha, Eur J Nutr

S. Ulven, B. Kirkhus, A. Lamglait, S. Basu, E. Elind et al., Metabolic Effects of Krill Oil are Essentially Similar to Those of Fish Oil but at Lower Dose of EPA and DHA, in Healthy Volunteers, Lipids, vol.52, issue.1, pp.37-46, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s11745-010-3490-4

K. Maki, M. Reeves, M. Farmer, M. Griinari, K. Berge et al., Krill oil supplementation increases plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in overweight and obese men and women, Nutrition Research, vol.29, issue.9, pp.609-615, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.nutres.2009.09.004

P. Flachs, V. Mohamed-ali, O. Horakova, M. Rossmeisl, M. Hosseinzadeh-attar et al., Polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin induce adiponectin in mice fed a high-fat diet, Diabetologia, vol.51, issue.2, pp.394-397, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s00125-005-0053-y

M. Awada, C. Soulage, A. Meynier, C. Debard, P. Plaisancie et al., Dietary oxidized n-3 PUFA induce oxidative stress and inflammation: role of intestinal absorption of 4-HHE and reactivity in intestinal cells, The Journal of Lipid Research, vol.53, issue.10, pp.2069-2080, 2012.
DOI : 10.1194/jlr.M026179

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00725905

Y. Chiang, H. Shaw, M. Yang, C. Huang, C. Hsieh et al., Dietary oxidised frying oil causes oxidative damage of pancreatic islets and impairment of insulin secretion, effects associated with vitamin E deficiency, British Journal of Nutrition, vol.112, issue.09, pp.1311-1319, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/415096a

M. Michalski, C. Calzada, A. Makino, S. Michaud, and M. Guichardant, Oxidation products of polyunsaturated fatty acids in infant formulas compared to human milk - A preliminary study, Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol.71, issue.12, pp.1478-1485, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/mnfr.200700451

J. Lefils, A. Geloen, H. Vidal, and M. Lagarde, Dietary DHA: time course of tissue uptake and effects on cytokine secretion in mice, British Journal of Nutrition, vol.100, issue.09, pp.1304-1312, 2010.
DOI : 10.2337/diabetes.55.04.06.db05-0985

L. Folchj, SloaneStanleyGH:A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues, pp.497-509, 1957.

J. Buttriss and A. Diplock, [15] High-performance liquid chromatography methods for vitamin E in tissues, Methods Enzymol, vol.105, pp.131-138, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/S0076-6879(84)05018-7

T. Etherton, E. Thompson, and C. Allen, Improved techniques for studies of adipocyte cellularity and metabolism, J Lipid Res, vol.18, pp.552-557, 1977.

P. Calder, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammatory processes and inflammatory bowel diseases, Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol.71, issue.8, pp.885-897, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/mnfr.200700289

J. Wan, L. Huang, R. Rong, R. Tan, J. Wang et al., Endogenously Decreasing Tissue n-6/n-3 Fatty Acid Ratio Reduces Atherosclerotic Lesions in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice by Inhibiting Systemic and Vascular Inflammation, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.30, issue.12, pp.2487-2494, 2010.
DOI : 10.1161/ATVBAHA.110.210054

M. James, R. Gibson, and C. Lg, Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and inflammatory mediator production, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.71, pp.343-348, 2000.

J. Krebs, L. Browning, N. Mclean, J. Rothwell, G. Mishra et al., Additive benefits of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and weight-loss in the management of cardiovascular disease risk in overweight hyperinsulinaemic women, International Journal of Obesity, vol.41, issue.10, pp.1535-1544, 2006.
DOI : 10.1210/jc.85.9.3338

J. Kiecolt-glaser, M. Belury, R. Andridge, W. Malarkey, B. Hwang et al., Omega-3 supplementation lowers inflammation in healthy middle-aged and older adults: A randomized controlled trial, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, vol.26, issue.6, pp.988-995, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bbi.2012.05.011

F. Laugerette, J. Furet, C. Debard, P. Daira, E. Loizon et al., Oil composition of high-fat diet affects metabolic inflammation differently in connection with endotoxin receptors in mice, AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.302, issue.3
DOI : 10.1152/ajpendo.00314.2011

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00643082

J. Moreno-navarrete, M. Manco, J. Ibanez, E. Garcia-fuentes, F. Ortega et al., Metabolic endotoxemia and saturated fat contribute to circulating NGAL concentrations in subjects with insulin resistance, International Journal of Obesity, vol.22, issue.2, pp.240-249, 2010.
DOI : 10.1038/ijo.2009.242

V. Regueiro, M. Campos, P. Morey, J. Sauleda, A. Agusti et al., Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and CD14 are increased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of smokers, European Respiratory Journal, vol.33, issue.2, pp.273-281, 2009.
DOI : 10.1183/09031936.00087708

M. Otero, R. Lago, R. Gomez, F. Lago, J. Gomez-reino et al., Leptin: A metabolic hormone that functions like a proinflammatory adipokine, Drug News & Perspectives, vol.19, issue.1, pp.21-26, 2006.
DOI : 10.1358/dnp.2006.19.1.966243

J. Reseland, F. Haugen, K. Hollung, K. Solvoll, B. Halvorsen et al., Reduction of leptin gene expression by dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids, J Lipid Res, vol.42, pp.743-750, 2001.

K. Ohashi, N. Ouchi, and Y. Matsuzawa, Anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties of adiponectin, Biochimie, vol.94, issue.10, pp.2137-2142, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biochi.2012.06.008

C. Warden and J. Fisler, Comparisons of Diets Used in Animal Models of High-Fat Feeding, Cell Metabolism, vol.7, issue.4, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cmet.2008.03.014

S. Chen and P. Subbaiah, Phospholipid and fatty acid specificity of endothelial lipase: Potential role of the enzyme in the delivery of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to tissues, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, vol.1771, issue.10, pp.1319-1328, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bbalip.2007.08.001

N. Hung, M. Kim, and D. Sok, Oral Administration of 2-Docosahexaenoyl Lysophosphatidylcholine Displayed Anti-Inflammatory Effects on Zymosan A-Induced Peritonitis, Inflammation, vol.461, issue.7268, pp.147-160, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s10753-010-9218-z

M. Lagarde, N. Bernoud, N. Brossard, D. Lemaitre-delaunay, F. Thies et al., Lysophosphatidylcholine as a Preferred Carrier Form of Docosahexaenoic Acid to the Brain, Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, vol.16, issue.2-3, pp.201-204, 2001.
DOI : 10.1385/JMN:16:2-3:201

T. Skurk, C. Alberti-huber, C. Herder, and H. Hauner, Relationship between Adipocyte Size and Adipokine Expression and Secretion, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol.92, issue.3, pp.1023-1033, 2007.
DOI : 10.1210/jc.2006-1055

URL : http://mediatum.ub.tum.de/doc/674869/document.pdf

H. Esterbauer, R. Schaur, and H. Zollner, Chemistry and biochemistry of 4-hydroxynonenal, malonaldehyde and related aldehydes, Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol.11, issue.1, pp.81-128, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0891-5849(91)90192-6

H. Esterbauer, Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of lipid-oxidation products, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.57, pp.779-785, 1993.

M. Warnke, E. Wanigasekara, S. Singhal, J. Singhal, S. Awasthi et al., The determination of glutathione-4-hydroxynonenal (GSHNE), E-4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), and E-1-hydroxynon-2-en-4-one (HNO) in mouse liver tissue by LC-ESI-MS, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol.19, issue.7-8, pp.1325-1333, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00216-008-2383-3

R. Esworthy, L. Yang, P. Frankel, and F. Chu, Epithelium-specific glutathione peroxidase, GPx2, is involved in the prevention of intestinal inflammation in selenium-deficient mice, J Nutr, vol.135, pp.740-745, 2005.

K. Wingler, C. Muller, K. Schmehl, S. Florian, and R. Brigelius-flohe, Gastrointestinal glutathione peroxidase prevents transport of lipid hydroperoxides in CaCo-2 cells, Gastroenterology, vol.119, issue.2, pp.420-430, 2000.
DOI : 10.1053/gast.2000.9521

S. Choi, X. Zhang, and J. Seo, Suppression of oxidative stress by grape seed supplementation in rats, Nutrition Research and Practice, vol.6, issue.1, pp.3-8, 2012.
DOI : 10.4162/nrp.2012.6.1.3