J. Bax, L. Young, R. Frye, R. Bonow, H. Steinberg et al., Screening for Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Diabetes, Diabetes Care, vol.30, issue.10, pp.2729-2736, 2007.
DOI : 10.2337/dc07-9927

J. Puel, P. Valensi, G. Vanzetto, V. Lassmann-vague, J. Monin et al., Identification of myocardial ischemia in the diabetic patient Joint ALFEDIAM and SFC recommendations, Diabetes & Metabolism, vol.30, issue.2, pp.3-3, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1262-3636(04)72800-1

E. Cosson, M. Guimfack, J. Paries, F. Paycha, J. Attali et al., Are silent coronary stenoses predictable in diabetic patients and predictive of cardiovascular events? Diabetes Metab, pp.470-476, 2003.

E. Cosson, M. Nguyen, B. Chanu, S. Balta, K. Takbou et al., The report of male gender and retinopathy status improves the current consensus guidelines for the screening of myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients, Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol.23, issue.6, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.01.009

P. Valensi, J. Paries, V. Brulport-cerisier, F. Torremocha, R. Sachs et al., Predictive Value of Silent Myocardial Ischemia for Cardiac Events in Diabetic Patients: Influence of age in a French multicenter study, Diabetes Care, vol.28, issue.11, pp.2722-2727, 2005.
DOI : 10.2337/diacare.28.11.2722

L. Young, F. Wackers, D. Chyun, J. Davey, E. Barrett et al., Cardiac Outcomes After Screening for Asymptomatic Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, JAMA, vol.301, issue.15, pp.1547-1555, 2009.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.2009.476

E. Cosson, M. Nguyen, B. Chanu, I. Banu, S. Chiheb et al., Cardiovascular risk prediction is improved by adding asymptomatic coronary status to routine risk assessment in type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care, pp.2101-2107, 2011.

G. Mcveigh, G. Brennan, G. Johnston, B. Mcdermott, L. Mcgrath et al., Impaired endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilation in patients with type 2 (non-insulindependent ) diabetes mellitus, Diabetologia, vol.35, pp.771-776, 1992.

J. Lambert, M. Aarsen, A. Donker, and C. Stehouwer, Endothelium-Dependent and -Independent Vasodilation of Large Arteries in Normoalbuminuric Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol.16, issue.5, pp.705-711, 1996.
DOI : 10.1161/01.ATV.16.5.705

A. Nitenberg, I. Pham, I. Antony, P. Valensi, J. Attali et al., Cardiovascular outcome of patients with abnormal coronary vasomotion and normal coronary arteriography is worse in type 2 diabetes mellitus than in arterial hypertension: A 10 year follow-up study, Atherosclerosis, vol.183, issue.1, pp.113-120, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2005.02.030

A. Nitenberg, P. Valensi, R. Sachs, E. Cosson, J. Attali et al., Prognostic value of epicardial coronary artery constriction to the cold pressor test in type 2 diabetic patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and no other major coronary risk factors. Diabetes Care, pp.208-215, 2004.

L. Lind, L. Berglund, A. Larsson, and J. Sundstrom, Endothelial Function in Resistance and Conduit Arteries and 5-Year Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Circulation, vol.123, issue.14, pp.1545-1551, 2011.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.984047

G. Papaioannou, R. Seip, N. Grey, D. Katten, A. Taylor et al., Brachial artery reactivity in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria (from the Detection of Ischemia in Asymptomatic Diabetics???Brachial Artery Reactivity study), The American Journal of Cardiology, vol.94, issue.3, pp.294-299, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.04.022

A. Peix, L. Cabrera, F. Heres, L. Rodriguez, A. Valdes et al., Interrelationship between myocardial perfusion imaging, coronary calcium score, and endothelial function in asymptomatic diabetics and controls, Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, vol.17, issue.3, pp.398-406, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12350-011-9355-2

A. Nitenberg, S. Ledoux, P. Valensi, R. Sachs, J. Attali et al., Impairment of Coronary Microvascular Dilation in Response to Cold Pressor-Induced Sympathetic Stimulation in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Abnormal Stress Thallium Imaging, Diabetes, vol.50, issue.5, pp.1180-1185, 2001.
DOI : 10.2337/diabetes.50.5.1180

K. Yiu, C. Zhao, Y. Chen, C. Siu, Y. Chan et al., Association of subclinical myocardial injury with arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.12, issue.1, p.94, 2013.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2840-11-102

M. Mauricio, M. Aldasoro, J. Ortega, and J. Vila, Endothelial Dysfunction in Morbid Obesity, Current Pharmaceutical Design, vol.19, issue.32, pp.5718-5729, 2013.
DOI : 10.2174/1381612811319320007

M. Coretti, T. Anderson, and E. Benjamin, Guidelines for the ultrasound assessment of endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.39, issue.2, pp.257-265, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01746-6

J. Bland and D. Altman, Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement, International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol.47, issue.8, pp.307-310, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.10.001

E. Cosson, M. Nguyen, I. Pham, M. Pontet, A. Nitenberg et al., N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide: an independent marker for coronary artery disease in asymptomatic diabetic patients, Diabetic Medicine, vol.50, issue.9, pp.872-879, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2009.02788.x

E. Cosson, I. Pham, P. Valensi, J. Paries, J. Attali et al., Impaired Coronary Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilation Is Associated With Microalbuminuria in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Angiographically Normal Coronary Arteries, Diabetes Care, vol.29, issue.1, pp.107-112, 2006.
DOI : 10.2337/diacare.29.01.06.dc05-1422

M. Bots, J. Westerink, T. Rabelink, and E. De-koning, Assessment of flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery: effects of technical aspects of the FMD measurement on the FMD response, European Heart Journal, vol.26, issue.4, pp.363-368, 2005.
DOI : 10.1093/eurheartj/ehi017

T. Anderson, F. Charbonneau, L. Title, J. Buithieu, M. Rose et al., Microvascular Function Predicts Cardiovascular Events in Primary Prevention: Long-Term Results From the Firefighters and Their Endothelium (FATE) Study, Circulation, vol.123, issue.2, pp.163-169, 2011.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.953653

J. Yeboah, A. Folsom, G. Burke, C. Johnson, J. Polak et al., Predictive Value of Brachial Flow-Mediated Dilation for Incident Cardiovascular Events in a Population-Based Study: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, Circulation, vol.120, issue.6, pp.502-509, 2009.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.864801

D. Tousoulis, N. Papageorgiou, E. Androulakis, G. Siasos, G. Latsios et al., Diabetes Mellitus-Associated Vascular Impairment, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.62, issue.8, pp.667-676, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.089

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.089

J. Yeboah, J. Crouse, F. Hsu, G. Burke, and D. Herrington, Brachial Flow-Mediated Dilation Predicts Incident Cardiovascular Events in Older Adults: The Cardiovascular Health Study, Circulation, vol.115, issue.18, pp.2390-2397, 2007.
DOI : 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.678276

A. Nitenberg, D. Chemla, and A. I. , Epicardial coronary artery constriction to cold pressor test is predictive of cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and without other major coronary risk factor, Atherosclerosis, vol.173, issue.1, pp.115-123, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2003.12.030

J. Halcox, W. Schenke, G. Zalos, R. Mincemoyer, A. Prasad et al., Prognostic Value of Coronary Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction, Circulation, vol.106, issue.6, pp.653-658, 2002.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000025404.78001.D8

T. Anderson, A. Uehata, M. Gerhard, I. Meredith, S. Knab et al., Close relation of endothelial function in the human coronary and peripheral circulations, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.26, issue.5, pp.1235-1241, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0735-1097(95)00327-4

T. Gori, S. Muxel, A. Damaske, M. Radmacher, F. Fasola et al., Endothelial function assessment: flow-mediated dilation and constriction provide different and complementary information on the presence of coronary artery disease, European Heart Journal, vol.33, issue.3, pp.363-371, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr361

H. Yoon, M. Jeong, S. Cho, K. Kim, M. Lee et al., Endothelial Dysfunction and Increased Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in the Patients with Slow Coronary Flow, Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol.27, issue.6, pp.614-618, 2012.
DOI : 10.3346/jkms.2012.27.6.614

K. Naka, K. Papathanassiou, A. Bechlioulis, N. Kazakos, K. Pappas et al., Determinants of vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.11, issue.1, p.127, 2012.
DOI : 10.2337/dc12-0176

. Nguyen, Flow-mediated-paradoxical vasoconstriction is independently associated with asymptomatic myocardial ischemia and coronary artery disease in type 2 diabetic patients, Cardiovascular Diabetology, vol.13, issue.1, p.20, 2014.
DOI : 10.1186/1475-2840-11-127

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00936242