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Theses

Flows during floods in urban areas: influence of the detailed topography and exchanges with the sewer system

Abstract : Aim of this thesis is to study the detailed modelling of flows that occur during urban floods. In a first part, bifurcation flows including small obstacles or channel profiles with sidewalks are studied on an experimental facility, and then numerically simulated with the two-dimensional model Rubar20. Experimental and numerical results show the benefits of including small obstacles in an urban flood model, whereas there is only little benefit of using a detailed representation of the streets topography. In a second part, interactions between surface and underground pipe flows are studied. A physical model of an urban drainage system allows the validation of an analytical model predicting exchange discharges between both flow layers. A 1D/2D modelling (pipe/street) is set up with the models Rubar3/Rubar20 and validated on experimental flows observed on the physical model. In a third part, floods in the city of Oullins (near Lyon, France) are studied. Surface flows modelling is validated with field data, and we discuss the interest of several representations of the urban area. Integration of the sewer system in a 1D/2D model remains impacted by several uncertainties, yet this step shows the interest of the coupled modelling to describe complex flows interactions during urban floods, as well as limitations of the developed approach for shallow flows.
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Pierre Henri Bazin. Flows during floods in urban areas: influence of the detailed topography and exchanges with the sewer system. Environmental Sciences. Thèse de doctorat, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 2013. English. ⟨tel-02599103⟩

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