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A universal model of commuting networks

Abstract : We show that a recently proposed model generates accurate commuting networks on 80 case studies from different regions of the world (Europe and United-States) at different scales (e.g. municipalities, counties, regions). The model takes as input the number of commuters coming in and out of each geographic unit and generates the matrix of commuting flows between the units. The single parameter of the model follows a universal law that depends only on the scale of the geographic units. We show that our model significantly outperforms two other approaches proposing a universal commuting model (Balcan et al. (2009); Simini et al. (2012)), particularly when the geographic units are small (e.g. municipalities).
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M. Lenormand, S. Huet, F. Gargiulo, G. Deffuant. A universal model of commuting networks. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2012, 7 (10), 11 p. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0045985⟩. ⟨hal-00742498⟩

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