Enzyme-induced covalent modification of methionyl-tRNA synthetase from Bacillus stearothermophilus by methionyl-adenylate: identification of the labeled amino acid residues by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Protein Chemistry Year : 2000

Enzyme-induced covalent modification of methionyl-tRNA synthetase from Bacillus stearothermophilus by methionyl-adenylate: identification of the labeled amino acid residues by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry.

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Abstract

Methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) from Bacillus stearothermophilus was shown to undergo covalent methionylation by a donor methionyl-adenylate, the mixed carboxylic-phosphoric acid anhydride synthesized by the enzyme itself. Covalent reaction of methionyl-adenylate with the synthetase or other proteins proceeds through the formation of an isopeptide bond between the carboxylate of the amino acid and the epsilon-NH2 group of lysyl residues. The stoichiometries of labeling, as followed by TCA precipitation, were 2.2 +/- 0.1 and 4.3 +/- 0.1 mol of [14C]Met incorporated by 1 mol of the monomeric MS534 and the native dimeric species of B. stearo methionyl-tRNA synthetase, respectively. Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry designated lysines-261, -295, -301 and -528 (or -534) of truncated methionyl-tRNA synthetase as the target residues for covalent binding of methionine. By analogy with the 3D structure of the monomeric M547 species of E. coli methionyl-tRNA synthetase, lysines-261, -295, and -301 would be located in the catalytic crevice of the thermostable enzyme where methionine activation and transfer take place. It is proposed that, once activated by ATP, most of the methionine molecules react with the closest reactive lysyl residues.

Dates and versions

hal-00771807 , version 1 (09-01-2013)

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Codjo Hountondji, C. Beauvallet, J.-C. Pernollet, Sylvain Blanquet. Enzyme-induced covalent modification of methionyl-tRNA synthetase from Bacillus stearothermophilus by methionyl-adenylate: identification of the labeled amino acid residues by matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry.. Journal of Protein Chemistry, 2000, 19 (7), pp.563-8. ⟨10.1023/A:1007194101107⟩. ⟨hal-00771807⟩
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