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How does pea architecture influence light sharing in virtual wheat-pea mixtures? A simulation study based on pea genotypes with contrasting architectures

Abstract : Background and aims Light interception is a key factor driving the functioning of wheat–pea intercrops. The sharingof light is related to the canopy structure, which results from the architectural parameters of the mixed species. In the present study, we characterized six contrasting pea genotypes and identified architectural parameters whose range of variability leads to various levels of light sharing within virtual wheat–pea mixtures. Methodology Virtual plants were derived from magnetic digitizations performed during the growing cycle in a greenhouse experiment. Plant mock-ups were used as inputs of a radiative transfer model in order to estimate light interception in virtual wheat–pea mixtures. The turbid medium approach, extended to well-mixed canopies, was used as a framework for assessing the effects of leaf area index (LAI) and mean leaf inclination on light sharing. Principal results Three groups of pea genotypes were distinguished: (i) early and leafy cultivars, (ii) late semileafless cultivars and (iii) low-development semi-leafless cultivars. Within open canopies, light sharing was well described by the turbid medium approach and was therefore determined by the architectural parameters that composed LAI and foliage inclination. When canopy closure started, the turbid medium approach was unable to properly infer light partitioning because of the vertical structure of the canopy. This was related to the architectural parameters that determine the height of pea genotypes. Light capture was therefore affected by the development of leaflets, number of branches and phytomers, as well as internode length. Conclusions This study provides information on pea architecture and identifies parameterswhose variability can be used to drive light sharingwithinwheat–peamixtures. These results could be used to build up the architecture of pea ideotypes adapted to multi-specific stands towards light competition.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 4:19:09 AM
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Romain Barillot, Didier Combes, Valérie Chevalier, Christian Fournier, Abraham J. Escobar-Gutiérrez. How does pea architecture influence light sharing in virtual wheat-pea mixtures? A simulation study based on pea genotypes with contrasting architectures. AoB Plants, Oxford University Press 2012, 2012, pls038+. ⟨10.1093/aobpla/pls038⟩. ⟨hal-00941201⟩



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