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L’embourgeoisement agricole. Les céréaliers du Châtillonnais, de la modernisation agricole à nos jours

Abstract : Using a doubly distinctive case study consisting of both a revisit and collective ethnography, this article aims to reevaluate the contemporary social position of a particular minority of farmers in the social structure. The study is not concerned with the entrenched peasantry or the well-established farming bourgeoisie, the polar-opposite figures of a very fragmented socio-professional category, but instead with the children of agricultural modernization who have experienced ascendant social mobility since the 1950s. Rising income levels, the accumulation of land and housing, and holding elected positions, in combination with home renovations and choices made in their children’s educations, lead us to interpret these processes as embourgeoisement. Following the period when farmers abandoned ways of farming marked by the peasant condition, here we define the ensuing embourgeoisement as a process of accumulation, first of economic capital then of cultural and social capital – a process guided by recognition of the legitimacy of a given social order and the lifestyle of the dominant classes.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01122994
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 4, 2015 - 8:07:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 12:04:02 PM

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Gilles Laferte. L’embourgeoisement agricole. Les céréaliers du Châtillonnais, de la modernisation agricole à nos jours. Sociétés contemporaines, Presses de Sciences Po, 2014, 4/ 2014 (96), pp.27-50. ⟨10.3917/soco.096.0027⟩. ⟨hal-01122994⟩

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