Monitoring, reporting and verifying emissions in the climate economy - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Nature Climate Change Year : 2015

Monitoring, reporting and verifying emissions in the climate economy

Nicolas Stephan
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 965453
Marion Afriat
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966843
Emilie Alberola
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966844
  • IdRef : 151913935
Caspar Chiquet
  • Function : Author
Ian Cochran
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966842
Mariana Deheza
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966840
Claudine Foucherot
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966508
Romain Morel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966845
Igor Shishlov
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 966846


The monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of greenhouse-gas emissions is the cornerstone of carbon pricing and management mechanisms. Here we consider peer-reviewed articles and ‘grey literature’ related to existing MRV requirements and their costs. A substantial part of the literature is the regulatory texts of the 15 most important carbon pricing and management mechanisms currently implemented. Based on a comparison of key criteria such as the scope, cost, uncertainty and flexibility of procedures, we conclude that conventional wisdom on MRV is not often promoted in existing carbon pricing mechanisms. Quantification of emissions uncertainty and incentives to reduce this uncertainty are usually only partially applied, if at all. Further, the time and resources spent on small sources of emissions would be expected to be limited. Although provisions aiming at an effort proportionate to the amount of emissions at stake — ‘materiality’ — are widespread, they are largely outweighed by economies of scale: in all schemes, MRV costs per tonne are primarily driven by the size of the source.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2015 - Bellassen et al - NCC - MRV in the climate economy_preprint.pdf (1.12 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-01190149 , version 1 (28-06-2021)



Valentin Bellassen, Nicolas Stephan, Marion Afriat, Emilie Alberola, Alexandra Barker, et al.. Monitoring, reporting and verifying emissions in the climate economy. Nature Climate Change, 2015, 5 (4), pp.319. ⟨10.1038/nclimate2544⟩. ⟨hal-01190149⟩


204 View
556 Download



Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More