The structural organization of seed oil bodies could explain the contrasted oil extractability observed in two rapeseed genotypes. - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Planta Year : 2015

The structural organization of seed oil bodies could explain the contrasted oil extractability observed in two rapeseed genotypes.

Abstract

The protein, phospholipid and sterol composition of the oil body surface from the seeds of two rapeseed genotypes was compared in order to explain their contrasted oil extractability. In the mature seeds of oleaginous plants, storage lipids accumulate in specialized structures called oil bodies (OBs). These organelles consist of a core of neutral lipids surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer in which structural proteins are embedded. The physical stability of OBs is a consequence of the interactions between proteins and phospholipids. A detailed study of OB characteristics in mature seeds as well as throughout seed development was carried out on two contrasting rapeseed genotypes Amber and Warzanwski. These two accessions were chosen because they differ dramatically in (1) crushing ability, (2) oil extraction yield and, (3) the stability of purified OBs. Warzanwski has higher crushing ability, better oil extraction yield and less stable purified OBs than Amber. OB morphology was investigated in situ using fluorescence microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and pulsed field gradient NMR. During seed development, OB diameter first increased and then decreased 30 days after pollination in both Amber and Warzanwski embryos. In mature seeds, Amber OBs were significantly smaller. The protein, phospholipid and sterol composition of the hemi-membrane was compared between the two accessions. Amber OBs were enriched with H-oleosins and steroleosins, suggesting increased coverage of the OB surface consistent with their higher stability. The nature and composition of phospholipids and sterols in Amber OBs suggest that the hemi-membrane would have a more rigid structure than that of Warzanwski OBs.
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hal-01204182 , version 1 (23-09-2015)

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Celine Boulard, Michel Bardet, Thierry Chardot, Bertrand Dubreucq, Marina Gromova, et al.. The structural organization of seed oil bodies could explain the contrasted oil extractability observed in two rapeseed genotypes.. Planta, 2015, 242 (1), pp.53-68. ⟨10.1007/s00425-015-2286-4⟩. ⟨hal-01204182⟩
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