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Lignification in poplar tension wood lignified cell wall layers

Abstract : The lignification process in poplar tension wood lignified cell wall layers, specifically the S(1) and S(2) layers and the compound middle lamella (CML), was analysed using ultraviolet (UV) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Variations in the thickness of the gelatinous layer (G-layer) were also measured to clarify whether the lignified cell wall layers had completed their lignification before the deposition of G-layers, or, on the contrary, if lignification of these layers was still active during G-layer formation. Observations using UV microscopy and TEM indicated that both UV absorbance and the degree of potassium permanganate staining increased in the CML and S(1) and S(2) layers during G-layer formation, suggesting that the lignification of these lignified layers is still in progress during G-layer formation. In the context of the cell-autonomous monolignol synthesis hypothesis, our observations suggest that monolignols must go through the developing G-layer during the lignification of CML and the S(1) and S(2) layers. The alternative hypothesis of external synthesis (in the rays) does not require that monolignols go through the G-layer before being deposited in the CML, or the S(1) and S(2) layers. Interestingly, the previous observation of lignin in the poplar G-layer was not confirmed with the microscopy techniques used in the present study.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 4, 2016 - 8:48:40 PM
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Arata Yoshinaga, Hiroshi Kusumoto, Françoise Laurans, Gilles Pilate, Keiji Takabe. Lignification in poplar tension wood lignified cell wall layers. Tree Physiology, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B, 2012, 32 (9), pp.1129-1136. ⟨10.1093/treephys/tps075⟩. ⟨hal-01267980⟩



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