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A clonal lineage of fusarium oxysporum circulates in the tap water of different french hospitals

Abstract : Fusarium oxysporum is typically a soilborne fungus but can also be found in aquatic environments. In hospitals, water distribution systems may be reservoirs for the fungi responsible for nosocomial infections. F. oxysporum was previously detected in the water distribution systems of five French hospitals. Sixty-eight isolates from water representative of all hospital units that were previously sampled and characterized by translation elongation factor 1 alpha sequence typing were subjected to microsatellite analysis and full-length ribosomal intergenic spacer (IGS) sequence typing. All but three isolates shared common microsatellite loci and a common two-locus sequence type (ST). This ST has an international geographical distribution in both the water networks of hospitals and among clinical isolates. The ST dominant in water was not detected among 300 isolates of F. oxysporum that originated from surrounding soils. Further characterization of 15 isolates by vegetative compatibility testing allowed us to conclude that a clonal lineage of F. oxysporum circulates in the tap water of the different hospitals. IMPORTANCE We demonstrated that a clonal lineage of Fusarium oxysporum inhabits the water distribution systems of several French hospitals. This clonal lineage, which appears to be particularly adapted to water networks, represents a potential risk for human infection and raises questions about its worldwide distribution.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 29, 2017 - 11:55:37 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 21, 2022 - 3:47:39 AM

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Veronique Edel-Hermann, Marc Sautour, Nadine Gautheron, Julie Laurent, Serge Aho, et al.. A clonal lineage of fusarium oxysporum circulates in the tap water of different french hospitals. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2016, 82 (21), pp.6483-6489. ⟨10.1128/AEM.01939-16⟩. ⟨hal-01497796⟩

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