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Optimization of multi-environment trials for genomic selection based on crop models

Abstract : Genotype × environment interactions (GEI) are common in plant multi-environment trials (METs). In this context, models developed for genomic selection (GS) that refers to the use of genome-wide information for predicting breeding values of selection candidates need to be adapted. One promising way to increase prediction accuracy in various environments is to combine ecophysiological and genetic modelling thanks to crop growth models (CGM) incorporating genetic parameters. The efficiency of this approach relies on the quality of the parameter estimates, which depends on the environments composing this MET used for calibration. The objective of this study was to determine a method to optimize the set of environments composing the MET for estimating genetic parameters in this context. A criterion called OptiMET was defined to this aim, and was evaluated on simulated and real data, with the example of wheat phenology. The MET defined with OptiMET allowed estimating the genetic parameters with lower error, leading to higher QTL detection power and higher prediction accuracies. MET defined with OptiMET was on average more efficient than random MET composed of twice as many environments, in terms of quality of the parameter estimates. OptiMET is thus a valuable tool to determine optimal experimental conditions to best exploit MET and the phenotyping tools that are currently developed.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 22, 2021 - 5:03:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 6, 2021 - 10:20:02 AM

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Renaud Rincent, Estelle Kuhn, Herve Monod, Francois-Xavier Oury, Monique Rousset, et al.. Optimization of multi-environment trials for genomic selection based on crop models. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 130, pp.1-18. ⟨10.1007/s00122-017-2922-4⟩. ⟨hal-01594849⟩

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