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Gene Regulation and Species-Specific Evolution of Free Flight Odor Tracking in Drosophila

Abstract : The flying ability of insects has coevolved with the development of organs necessary to take-off from the ground, generate, and modulate lift during flight in complex environments. Flight orientation to the appropriate food source and mating partner depends on the perception and integration of multiple chemical signals. We used a wind tunnel-based assay to investigate the natural and molecular evolution of free flight odor tracking in Drosophila. First, the comparison of female and male flies of several populations and species revealed substantial sex-, inter-, and intra-specific variations for distinct flight features. In these flies, we compared the molecular structure of desat1, a fast-evolving gene involved in multiple aspects of Drosophila pheromonal communication. We manipulated desat1 regulation and found that both neural and nonneural tissues affect distinct flight features. Together, our data suggest that desat1 is one of the genes involved in the evolution of free-flight odor tracking behaviors in Drosophila.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01702704
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 7, 2018 - 9:59:43 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 28, 2020 - 11:08:04 AM

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Benjamin Houot, Laurie Cazalé-Debat, Stéphane Fraichard, Claude Everaerts, Nitesh Saxena, et al.. Gene Regulation and Species-Specific Evolution of Free Flight Odor Tracking in Drosophila. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018, 35 (1), pp.3 - 15. ⟨10.1093/molbev/msx241⟩. ⟨hal-01702704⟩

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