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Characterization of two groups of Spodoptera exigua Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) C-type lectins and insights into their role in defense against the densovirus JcDV

Abstract : Insect innate immunity relies on numerous soluble and membrane-bound receptors, named pattern recognition proteins (PRPs), which enable the insect to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns. C-type lectins are among the best-studied PRPs and constitute the most diverse family of animal lectins. Here we have characterized two groups of Spodoptera exigua C-type lectins that differ in their phylogeny, domain architecture, and expression pattern. One group includes C-type lectins with similar characteristics to other lepidopteran lectins, and a second group includes bracoviral-related lectins (bracovirus-like lectins, Se-BLLs) recently acquired by horizontal gene transfer. Subsequently, we have investigated the potential role of some selected lectins in the susceptibility to Junonia coenia densovirus (JcDV). For this purpose, three of the bracoviral-related lectins were expressed, purified, and their effect on the densovirus infection to two different Spodoptera species was assessed. The results showed that Se-BLL3 specifically reduce the mortality of Spodoptera frugiperda larvae caused by JcDV. In contrast, no such effect was observed with S. exigua larvae. In a previous work, we have also shown that Se-BLL2 increased the tolerance of S. exigua larvae to baculovirus infection. Taken together, these results confirm the implication of two different C-type lectins in antiviral response and reflect the biological relevance of the acquisition of bracoviral genes in Spodoptera spp.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01837306
Contributor : Archive Ouverte Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 12, 2018 - 8:05:23 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 29, 2020 - 8:12:01 PM

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Laila Gasmi, Agata K. Jakubowska, Juan Ferré, Marie Helene Ogliastro, Salvador Herrero. Characterization of two groups of Spodoptera exigua Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) C-type lectins and insights into their role in defense against the densovirus JcDV. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, Wiley, 2018, 97 (1), 12 p. ⟨10.1002/arch.21432⟩. ⟨hal-01837306⟩

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