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Mapping of QTL for chicken body weight, carcass composition, and meat quality traits in a slow-growing line

Abstract : Slow-growing chicken lines are valuable genetic resources for the development of well-perceived alternative free-range production. While there is no constraint on increasing growth rate, breeding programs have to evolve in order to include new traits improving the positioning of such lines in the growing market for parts and processed products. In this study, we used dense genotyping to fine map QTL for chicken growth, body composition, and meat quality traits in view of developing new tools for selection of a slow-growing line. The dataset included a total of 836 birds (10 sires, 87 dams, 739 descendants) and 40,203 SNP. QTL for the 15 traits analyzed were detected by 3 different methods, i.e., linkage and linkage disequilibrium haplotype-based analysis (LDLA), family-based single marker association (FASTA), and Bayesian multi-marker regression (Bayes Cπ). After filtering for QTL redundancy, we found 16, 16, and 9 QTL when using the FASTA, LDLA, and Bayes Cπ methods, respectively, with a threshold of 2.49 × 10-5 for FASTA and LDLA, and a Bayes factor of 150 for the Bayes Cπ analysis. They comprised 17 QTL for body weight, 9 QTL for body composition, and 15 QTL for breast meat quality or behavior at slaughter. The 3 methods agreed in the detection of highly significant QTL such as that detected on GGA24 for body weight at 3, 6, and 9 wk, and the 2 QTL detected on GGA17 and GGA18 for breast meat yield. Several significant QTL were also detected for the different components of breast meat quality. This study provided new locations for investigation in order to improve our understanding of the genetic architecture of growth, carcass composition, and meat quality in the chicken and to develop molecular tools for the selection of these traits in a slow-growing line.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 7, 2019 - 8:07:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:55:10 AM

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Sophie Allais, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Cécile Berri, L Salles, Olivier Demeure, et al.. Mapping of QTL for chicken body weight, carcass composition, and meat quality traits in a slow-growing line. Poultry Science, Poultry Science Association, 2019, 98 (5), pp.1960-1967. ⟨10.3382/ps/pey549⟩. ⟨hal-02123210⟩



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