Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Modulation of antiviral immunity by the ichnovirus HdIV in Spodoptera frugiperda

Abstract : Polydnaviruses (PDVs) are obligatory symbionts found in thousands of endoparasitoid species and essential for successful parasitism. The two genera of PDVs, ichnovirus (IV) and bracovirus (BV), use different sets of virulence factors to ensure successful parasitization of the host. Previous studies have shown that PDVs target apoptosis, one of the innate antiviral responses in many host organisms. However, IV and BV have been shown to have opposite effects on this process. BV induces apoptosis in host cells, whereas some IV proteins have been shown to have anti-apoptotic activity. The different biological contexts in which the assays were performed may account for this difference. In this study, we evaluated the interplay between apoptosis and the ichnovirus HdIV from the parasitoid Hyposoter didymator, in the HdIV-infected hemocytes and fat bodies of S. frugiperda larvae, and in the Sf9 insect cell line challenged with HdIV. We found that HdIV induced cell death in hemocytes and fat bodies, whereas anti-apoptotic activity was observed in HdIV-infected Sf9 cells, with and without stimulation with viral PAMPs or chemical inducers. We also used an RT-qPCR approach to determine the expression profiles of a set of genes known to encode key components of the other main antiviral immune pathways described in insects. The analysis of immune gene transcription highlighted differences in antiviral responses to HdIV as a function of host cell type. However, all these antiviral pathways appeared to be neutralized by low levels of expression for the genes encoding the key components of these pathways, in all biological contexts. Finally, we investigated the effect of HdIV on the general antiviral defenses of the lepidopteran larvae in more detail, by studying the survival of S. frugiperda co-infected with HdIV and the entomopathogenic densovirus JcDV. Coinfected S. frugiperda larvae have increased resistance to JcDV at an early phase of infection, whereas HdIV effects enhance the virulence of the virus at later stages of infection. Overall, these results reveal complex interactions between HdIV and its cellular environment.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02124769
Contributor : Archive Ouverte Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 8:07:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 3:40:56 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Vincent Visconti, Magali Eychenne, Isabelle Darboux. Modulation of antiviral immunity by the ichnovirus HdIV in Spodoptera frugiperda. Molecular Immunology, Elsevier, 2019, 108, pp.89-101. ⟨10.1016/j.molimm.2019.02.011⟩. ⟨hal-02124769⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

886