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Pyramiding Quantitative Resistance with a Major Resistance Gene in Apple: From Ephemeral to Enduring Effectiveness in Controlling Scab

Abstract : Genetic resistance is a useful strategy to control plant disease, but its effectiveness may be reduced over time due to the emergence of pathogens able to circumvent the defenses of the plant. However, the pyramiding of different resistance factors in the same plant can improve the effectiveness and durability of the resistance. To investigate the potential for this approach in apple to control scab disease we surveyed scab incidence in two experimental orchards located at a distance of more than 300 km planted with apple genotypes carrying quantitative resistance and major gene resistance alone or in combination. Our results showed that the effectiveness of pyramiding in controlling scab was dependent on the site and could not be completely explained by the effectiveness level of the resistances alone.
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Pauline Lasserre-Zuber, Valérie Caffier, René Stievenard, Arnaud Lemarquand, Bruno Le Cam, et al.. Pyramiding Quantitative Resistance with a Major Resistance Gene in Apple: From Ephemeral to Enduring Effectiveness in Controlling Scab. Plant Disease, American Phytopathological Society, 2018, 102 (11), pp.2220-2223. ⟨10.1094/PDIS-11-17-1759-RE⟩. ⟨hal-02516687⟩

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