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Sensitivity of New Zealand mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) to a specific aromatase inhibitor

Abstract : The freshwater prosobranch Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Molluska, Hydrobiidea, Smith 1889) has been proposed as a suitable species to assess the impact of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC) in aquatic ecosystems. Steroid hormone biosynthesis pathway is potentially an important target for EDC, and vertebrate-like sex steroids seem to play a functional role in the control of mollusk reproduction. To assess the response and the sensitivity of P. antipodarum to disrupters of the steroid hormone biosynthesis pathway,we have experienced the action of a specific vertebrate aromatase inhibitor, fadrozole, acting on 17b-estradiol synthesis in two separate 28 and 42 d exposures. Fadrozole had effects consistent with the expected mechanism of action. A decrease of the reproduction parameters (such as on the number of neonates and number of embryos in the brood pouch) in a dose-dependant manner was observed.The steroids levels were also impaired with the ratio 17b-estradiol/testosterone decreased by half in exposed snails. This shift of the steroids balance was accompanied by some alteration in the gonads histology and immunohistochemistry in fadrozole-exposed snails. This study highlights the value role of P.antipodarum as a test species for assessing EDC effects in aquatic wildlife.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 6:29:24 PM
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M. Gust, Jeanne Garric, Laure Giamberini, R. Mons, K. Abbaci, et al.. Sensitivity of New Zealand mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray) to a specific aromatase inhibitor. Chemosphere, 2010, 79, pp.47-53. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.01.030⟩. ⟨hal-02594376⟩



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