Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Applicabilité des échantillonneurs passifs dans le cadre de la DCE

Abstract : Until now, water quality monitoring is essentially based on grab sampling followed by laboratory analysis to determine pollutant concentrations. Despite reduced logistic and analytical costs, this procedure suffers considerable limitations in terms of temporal or spatial resolution, and sometimes compatibility with the requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), especially in relation with particularly low environmental quality standards for some contaminants. WFD implementation allows the use of alternative methods by EU member states for the implementation of surveillance, operational and investigative monitoring programs. These techniques may complement monitoring already in place by providing additional information, or even replace them if they are proven to be more relevant or reliable. This document reports the state of knowledge on passive sampling techniques with the perspective of a potential application in the context of the WFD. The operating principles, application domains and benefits of these devices will be detailed. We will also discuss the already known limitations and knowledge still needed for their implementation. Finally, we will illustrate, through the results from different studies, the use of these techniques in addition to or instead of conventional monitoring.
Document type :
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [114 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 9:51:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 12:26:17 PM


Files produced by the author(s)


  • HAL Id : hal-02596942, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00035225



Nicolas Mazzella, Marina Coquery, Cecile Miege, C. Berho, J.-P. Ghestem, et al.. Applicabilité des échantillonneurs passifs dans le cadre de la DCE. [Rapport de recherche] irstea. 2011, pp.80. ⟨hal-02596942⟩



Record views


Files downloads