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Quantitative trait loci mapping in hybrids between Dent and Flint maize multiparental populations reveals group-specific QTL for silage quality traits with variable pleiotropic effects on yield

Abstract : Key messageSilage quality traits of maize hybrids between the Dent and Flint heterotic groups mostly involved QTL specific of each parental group, some of them showing unfavorable pleiotropic effects on yield.AbstractMaize (Zea mays L.) is commonly used as silage for cattle feeding in Northern Europe. In addition to biomass production, improving whole-plant digestibility is a major breeding objective. To identify loci involved in the general (GCA, parental values) and specific combining ability (SCA, cross-specific value) components of hybrid value, we analyzed an incomplete factorial design of 951 hybrids obtained by crossing inbred lines issued from two multiparental connected populations, each specific to one of the heterotic groups used for silage in Europe (Dent and Flint). Inbred lines were genotyped for approximately 20K single nucleotide polymorphisms, and hybrids were phenotyped in eight environments for seven silage quality traits measured by near-infrared spectroscopy, biomass yield and precocity (partly analyzed in a previous study). We estimated variance components for GCA and SCA and their interaction with environment. We performed QTL detection using different models adapted to this hybrid population. Strong family effects and a predominance of GCA components compared to SCA were found for all traits. In total, 230 QTL were detected, with only two showing SCA effects significant at the whole-genome level. More than 80% of GCA QTL were specific of one heterotic group. QTL explained individually less than 5% of the phenotypic variance. QTL co-localizations and correlation between QTL effects of quality and productivity traits suggest at least partial pleiotropic effects. This work opens new prospects for improving maize hybrid performances for both biomass productivity and quality accounting for complementarities between heterotic groups.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 25, 2020 - 12:57:52 PM
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Adama I Seye, Cyril Bauland, Héloïse Giraud, Valérie Méchin, Matthieu Reymond, et al.. Quantitative trait loci mapping in hybrids between Dent and Flint maize multiparental populations reveals group-specific QTL for silage quality traits with variable pleiotropic effects on yield. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Springer Verlag, 2019, 132 (5), pp.1523-1542. ⟨10.1007/s00122-019-03296-2⟩. ⟨hal-02617673⟩

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