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Changes in cell walls lignification, feruloylation and p-coumaroylation throughout maize internode development

Abstract : Plant cell walls development is an integrated process during which several components are deposited successively. In the cell walls in grass, the accessibility of structural polysaccharides is limited by the cell walls structure and composition mainly as a result of phenolic compounds. Here, we studied the patterns of cell walls establishment in the internode supporting the ear in three distinct maize genotypes. The developmental patterns observed in the internode cell walls in terms of its composition are reported with an emphasis on lignification, p-coumaroylation and feruloylation. We combined biochemical and histological approaches and revealed that internode cell walls development in maize before flowering is characterized by the rapid deposition of secondary cell walls components and robust lignification in both the pith and the rind. After flowering and until silage maturity, the slow deposition of secondary walls components occurs in the cortical region, and the deposited lignins are rich in beta-O-4 bonds and are highly p-coumaroylated. We conclude the paper by proposing a revised spatiotemporal model based on that proposed by Terashima et al. (1993) for cell walls development in grass.
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yu y. Zhang, David D. Legland, Fadi El Hage, Marie Francoise Devaux, Fabienne Guillon, et al.. Changes in cell walls lignification, feruloylation and p-coumaroylation throughout maize internode development. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (7), pp.1-21. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0219923⟩. ⟨hal-02619681⟩

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