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Freins et leviers à l’insertion des légumineuses : étude comparative de trois territoires contrastés (Bourgogne, Midi-Pyrénées, Pays de la Loire)

Abstract : This article aims to study the constraints and incentives to the introduction of forage and grain-legumes in farms in three contrasting regions (Bourgogne, Midi-Pyrénées, Pays de la Loire). Surveys to analyze the agronomic and economic determinants of the introduction of legumes on farms were carried out with about 40 farmers in each region. The farmers’ discourses were transcribed and analyzed according to a thematic entry allowing to identify, to prioritize and to quantify the different obstacles and incentives perceived, and to understand their determinants. The results of the surveys show that, in general, the main incentive for the introduction of legumes in the territories is the presence of markets which guarantee a fair and stable price for the sale of legumes. This study also shows that this incentive is not sufficient and that it is necessary to act simultaneously on other obstacles and incentives, which vary in content and importance according to: the type of farming system; the type of crops and their valorization; the territory and its dynamics. In conclusion, this work underlines the importance of adapting the policies to promote forage and grain-legumes to the local context.
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Marie Mawoisi, Geneviève Nguyen, Marion Casagrande. Freins et leviers à l’insertion des légumineuses : étude comparative de trois territoires contrastés (Bourgogne, Midi-Pyrénées, Pays de la Loire). Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2017, 60, pp.91-105. ⟨10.15454/1.5138520278578103E12⟩. ⟨hal-02627810⟩

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