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Metabolomic profiling in tomato reveals diel compositional changes in fruit affected by source-sink relationships.

Abstract : A detailed study of the diurnal compositional changes was performed in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Moneymaker) leaves and fruits. Plants were cultivated in a commercial greenhouse under two growth conditions: control and shaded. Expanding fruits and the closest mature leaves were harvested during two different day/night cycles (cloudy or sunny day). High-throughput robotized biochemical phenotyping of major compounds, as well as proton nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry metabolomic profiling, were used to measure the contents of about 70 metabolites in the leaves and 60 metabolites in the fruits, in parallel with ecophysiological measurements. Metabolite data were processed using multivariate, univariate, or clustering analyses and correlation networks. The shaded carbon-limited plants adjusted their leaf area, decreased their sink carbon demand and showed subtle compositional modifications. For source leaves, several metabolites varied along a diel cycle, including those directly linked to photosynthesis and photorespiration. These metabolites peaked at midday in both conditions and diel cycles as expected. However, transitory carbon storage was limited in tomato leaves. In fruits, fewer metabolites showed diel fluctuations, which were also of lower amplitude. Several organic acids were among the fluctuating metabolites. Diel patterns observed in leaves and especially in fruits differed between the cloudy and sunny days, and between the two conditions. Relationships between compositional changes in leaves and fruits are in agreement with the fact that several metabolic processes of the fruit appeared linked to its momentary supply of sucrose.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 4:36:57 PM
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Camille Bénard, Stéphane Bernillon, Benoit Biais, Sonia Osorio, Mickael Maucourt, et al.. Metabolomic profiling in tomato reveals diel compositional changes in fruit affected by source-sink relationships.. Journal of Experimental Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015, 66 (11), pp.3391-404. ⟨10.1093/jxb/erv151⟩. ⟨hal-02641303⟩



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