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Protester avec violence : Les actions militantes non conventionnelles des chasseurs

Abstract : Based on a case of hunters’ mobilization in a rural industrial region of France, this article addresses the question of the use of violence in working‑class protest movements. Seen from the outside, certain hunters’ violence may appear to be the expression of an unmastered and unreflective physical force.But an analysis of the actors’ practices and discourse reveals the meanings it holds for them and the organization that makes it possible. Resorting toviolence is part of a non‑conventional protest mechanism structured around relations of mutual acquaintanceship, which can be accounted for by using anethnographic approach.We shed light on an aspect of the working classes’ relationship with politics –resorting to direct and violent action– by highlighting how, for waterfowl hunters, this mode of protest is marked by a double socialization: professional (worker) and residential (rural). In contrast to approaches that content themselves with invoking the irrationality of violent behaviours, we show the processes of apprenticeship that favour the deployment of unconventional activist actions (fires, physical threats, poaching, etc.). Daily experiences contribute to pathways of entry into radical forms of protest, thereby legitimating them. They are tied to the resistance of some fractions of the working classes, faced with a loss of influence over their living space.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 6:13:59 PM
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Julian Mischi. Protester avec violence : Les actions militantes non conventionnelles des chasseurs. Sociologie, Presses Universitaires de France, 2012, 3 (2), pp.145-162. ⟨10.3917/socio.032.0145⟩. ⟨hal-02642305⟩

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