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Efficiency of a grass buffer strip for limiting diuron losses from an uphill vineyard towards surface and subsurface waters

Abstract : Grass buffer strips limit the transfer of pesticides from cultivated fields to rivers. These solutions are generally efficient at reducing polluted surface flows, mainly by infiltration of the soil, raising the question of the fate of the infiltrated pollutants. An environmental evaluation was conducted on the efficiency of a grass strip receiving diuron-contaminated water from an uphill vineyard in France. During two runoff events, the following measurements were taken: surface inflow and outflow with Venturi flumes, vertical percolated flow below the root layer (0-50 cm), and variations in water and solute content of the root layer. One runoff event occurred under natural rainfall conditions, while the other runoff event was artificially provoked with water doped by diuron and bromide. For the natural runoff event, representative of medium intensity events, 94% of the diuron was retained in the root layer, whereas 2% left the grass strip by surface runoff and 4% left the grass strip in the water percolating under the root zone. For the artificial event, representative of intense runoff events, more than half of the incoming diuron was retained by the grass strip, whereas 24% and 18% of it were transferred by surface runoff and percolation, respectively. These results showed that the capacity of the root layer to retain diuron was highly significant despite a large percolation flux. However, for large runoff events, surface and subsurface losses can still be considerable, up to 40% of the pesticide load entering the strip.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 12:30:57 AM
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Jean-Guillaume Lacas, N. Carluer, Marc Voltz. Efficiency of a grass buffer strip for limiting diuron losses from an uphill vineyard towards surface and subsurface waters. Pedosphere, Elsevier, 2012, 22 (4), pp.580-592. ⟨10.1016/S1002-0160(12)60043-5⟩. ⟨hal-02645133⟩



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