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Xylem anatomy correlates with gas exchange, water-use efficiency and growth performance under contrasting water regimes : evidence from Populus deltoides x Populus nigra hybrids

Abstract : Six Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh. × P. nigra L. genotypes were selected to investigate whether stem xylem anatomy correlated with gas exchange rates, water-use efficiency (WUE) and growth performance. Clonal copies of the genotypes were grown in a two-plot common garden test under contrasting water regimes, with one plot maintained irrigated and the other one subjected to moderate summer water deficit. The six genotypes displayed a large range of xylem anatomy, mean vessel and fibre diameter varying from about 40 to 60 μm and from 7.5 to 10.5 μm, respectively. Decreased water availability resulted in a reduced cell size and an important rise in vessel density, but the extent of xylem plasticity was both genotype and trait dependent. Vessel diameter and theoretical xylem-specific hydraulic conductivity correlated positively with stomatal conductance, carbon isotope discrimination and growth performance-related traits and negatively with intrinsic WUE, especially under water deficit conditions. Vessel diameter and vessel density measured under water deficit conditions correlated with the relative losses in biomass production in response to water deprivation; this resulted from the fact that a more plastic xylem structure was generally accompanied by a larger loss in biomass production.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02660820
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 9:10:00 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 2:18:05 PM

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Régis Fichot, Françoise Laurans, Romain Monclus, Moreau Alain, Gilles Pilate, et al.. Xylem anatomy correlates with gas exchange, water-use efficiency and growth performance under contrasting water regimes : evidence from Populus deltoides x Populus nigra hybrids. Tree Physiology, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B, 2009, 29 (12), pp.1537-1549. ⟨10.1093/treephys/tpp087⟩. ⟨hal-02660820⟩

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