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Journal articles

Formation of biofilm by Staphylococcus xylosus

Abstract : The ability of 12 Staphylococcus xylosus strains to form biofilm was determined through the study of different criteria. Eleven out of the 12 strains were able to form biofilm, 10 preferentially on hydrophilic support (glass) and one, S. xylosus C2a, on both hydrophilic and hydrophobic (polystyrene) supports. The determination of bacterial surface properties showed that all strains were negatively charged with five strains moderately hydrophobic and seven hydrophilic. The bap and icaA genes, important for biofilm formation of some staphylococci, were searched. All strains were bap positive but icaA negative. Furthermore, S. xylosus strain C2a was studied on two supports widely used in the food industry, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE, hydrophobic) and stainless steel (hydrophilic) and appeared to adhere preferentially on stainless steel. Addition of 20 g/l of NaCl to Tryptic Soy Broth medium (TSB) did not improve significantly its adhesion but enhanced both bacterial growth and cell survival, which were optimum in this medium. Environmental scanning electron microscopy showed that S. xylosus C2a colonized the surface of stainless steel chips with intercellular spaces. The strain formed cell aggregates embedded in an amorphous polysaccharidic matrix. Indeed, synthesis of polysaccharides increased during growth on stainless steel chips in TSB.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 9:11:39 AM
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Stella Planchon, Brigitte Gaillard-Martinie, Emilie Dordet Frisoni, Marie Noelle Bellon-Fontaine, Sabine Leroy, et al.. Formation of biofilm by Staphylococcus xylosus. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Elsevier, 2006, 109 (1-2), pp.88-96. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2006.01.016⟩. ⟨hal-02666649⟩



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