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Fungal auxin overproduction affects the anatomy of Hebeloma cylindrosporum-pinus pinaster ectomycorrhizas

Abstract : We studied the effect of fungal auxin overproduction on the growth polarity of cortical cells in pine mycorrhizas by comparing the anatomy of Pinus pinaster (Ait.) Sol. mycorrhizas formed by an IAA-overproducing mutant of Hebeloma cylindrosporumRomagnesi or by the corresponding wild type with non-mycorrhizal short roots. Both wild- type and mutant strains induced an increase in root diameter that was mostly a result of the influence of the fungus on root cortical development. Both strains affected growth polarity of P. pinaster cortical cells and induced a change in their shape. The main modifications were a large reduction in axial diameter and an increase in the radial diameter of the cortical cells. The modifications were more marked with the mutant than with the wild type. The mutant induced a 43% reduction in cortical cell elongation and a 35% increase in radial diameter, whereas the corresponding changes induced by the wild type were 30 and 10%, respectively. The volume of cortical cells in mature mycorrhizas was generally lower than in uninoculated short roots indicating that wild-type and mutant strains induced a reorientation of cortical cell growth but did not induce an increase in turgor pressure of the cells. Immunolocalization allowed visualization of α-tubulin in root cortical cells, but no obvious modification in α-tubulin distribution was detected as a consequence of symbiosis establishment. Likewise, cytochemical localization of polysaccharides in cortical cell walls did not show significant modification following symbiosis establishment and Hartig net formation. The only noticeable modification was a reduction in cortical cell wall thickness in mycorrhizas compared with uninoculated short roots. The possible involvement of fungal auxin in the observed modifications is discussed.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 6:50:23 PM
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Françoise Laurans, Régis Pépin, Gilles Gay. Fungal auxin overproduction affects the anatomy of Hebeloma cylindrosporum-pinus pinaster ectomycorrhizas. Tree Physiology, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B, 2001, 21 (8), pp.533-540. ⟨10.1093/treephys/21.8.533⟩. ⟨hal-02676942⟩



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