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Genetic structure and clonal diversity of an introduced pest in Chile, the cereal aphid Sitobion avenae

Abstract : In Chile, the aphid Sitobion avenae is of recent introduction, lives on cultivated and wild Poaceae, and is thought to reproduce by permanent parthenogenesis. In order to study the genetic variability and population structure of this species, five microsatellite loci were typed from individual aphids collected from different cultivated and wild host plants, from different geographical zones, and years. Chilean populations showed a high degree of heterozygosity and a low genetic variability across regions and years, with four predominant genotypes representing nearly 90% of the sample. This pattern of low clonal diversity and high heterozygosity was interpreted as the result of recent founder events from a few asexually reproducing genotypes. Most geographical and temporal variation observed in the genetic composition resulted from fluctuations of a few predominant clones. In addition, comparisons of the genotypes found in Chile with those described in earlier surveys of S. a! venae populations in Western Europe led us to identify 'superclones' with large geographical distribution and high ecological success, and to make a preliminary exploration of the putative origin(s) of S. avenae individuals introduced to Chile.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2020 - 2:11:24 AM
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C.C. Figueroa, Jean-Christophe Simon, Jean Francois Le Gallic, Nathalie Prunier Leterme, L.M. Briones, et al.. Genetic structure and clonal diversity of an introduced pest in Chile, the cereal aphid Sitobion avenae. Heredity, Nature Publishing Group, 2005, 95 (1), pp.24-33. ⟨10.1038/sj.hdy.6800662⟩. ⟨hal-02682992⟩



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