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The peplomers of Berne virus.

Abstract : Using [3H]glucosamine and [3H]mannose labels, two virus-specific glycosylated polypeptide species with Mr values of about 200,000 (200K) and in the 75K to 100K range, respectively, were recognized in Berne virus-infected embryonic mule skin cells. In purified virions only the latter glycoprotein occurred. Concanavalin A was bound to the virion as evidenced by reduction in infectivity. Analyses using SDS-PAGE, blotting and glycoprotein identification with concanavalin A and horseradish peroxidase showed coincidence of the virion glycoprotein signals with the maximum infectivity and haemagglutinating activity in an isokinetic sucrose gradient. Polyclonal rabbit immune serum and a neutralizing and haemagglutination-inhibiting monoclonal antibody raised against Berne virus recognized both the 75K to 100K and the '200K' glycoproteins. Using tunicamycin, a concentration-dependent inhibition of infectivity was noted; however, non-infectious particles containing the two major polypeptides (20K and 22K) were released from the cells in small quantities. The glycoproteins were absent from cytoplasmic extracts and a novel polypeptide of about 150K was identified instead. Translation of poly(A)-selected intracellular RNA from infected cells in a rabbit reticulocyte cell-free system also resulted in the appearance of a new high Mr polypeptide (about 170K). Using pulse-chase labelling and radioimmunoprecipitation, suggestive evidence for a precursor-product relationship between the intracellular '200K' and the virion glycoproteins has been obtained. These experiments identify the N-glycosylated proteins in the 75K to 100K range as constituents of the peplomeric envelope projection of Berne virus; they probably arise by post-translational processing of a 150K to 170K precursor molecule involving glycosylation and subsequent cleavage.
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Marian C Horzinek, J Ederveen, Bertrand Kaeffer, D de Boer, M Weiss. The peplomers of Berne virus.. Journal of General Virology, Microbiology Society, 1986, 67 ( Pt 11), pp.2475-2483. ⟨10.1099/0022-1317-67-11-2475⟩. ⟨hal-02726686⟩



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