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La volatilité du prix des engrais minéraux et les exploitations d’herbivores

Abstract : This paper discusses the dependence of European and French farms oriented towards herbivorous productions on mineral fertilizers. Initially, it presents the main factors explaining the high volatility of fertilizer prices, while insisting on the net import position of the European Union (EU) for raw materials used in this sector (natural gas, ores of phosphate and potash). This paper highlights the evolution of fertilizer costs (per hectare and in proportion to the agricultural output) for different types of farming and regions using data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) for the period 2000-2010. It shows that on the contrary to crop farms, herbivorous livestock farms have adopted strategies to limit the impact of the recent rise in fertilizer prices by using less mineral fertilizers (including through a better utilization of organic fertilizers). If mineral fertilizers represent a small share of total production cost for herbivorous farms, particularly for the most intensive ones, a reflection is nevertheless needed on agricultural technology and specialization degree of farms and territories.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02744979, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 189872



Bérengère Lecuyer, Vincent Chatellier, Karine Daniel. La volatilité du prix des engrais minéraux et les exploitations d’herbivores. 19. Rencontres Recherches et Ruminants (3R), Institut de l'Elevage (IDELE). Paris, FRA., Dec 2012, Paris, France. 430 p. ⟨hal-02744979⟩



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