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Ecological, technical and social innovation processes in conservation agriculture research position and first results of the ANR funded program PEPITES

Abstract : No-tillage techniques and conservation agriculture (CA), based on minimal soil disturbance, the maintenance of plant cover and a diversification of rotations and intercropping, are developing rapidly in both the North and South. The emergence of these techniques often involves an original process of innovation based on continuous and adaptive learning within innovative socio-technical networks, which overturn the traditionally linear process of innovation design and transfer. Changes in the functioning of the agrosystem associated with CA are likely to supply ecosystem services, but the difficult implementation of these techniques may decrease the performance of the agrosystem, in particular by increasing dependence on pesticides. The general objective of the PEPITES project is to generate knowledge concerning ecological processes, technical and social innovation processes and their interactions, for the evaluation and design of more sustainable technical and support systems. We are working towards this objective by constructing an interdisciplinary approach combining biophysical sciences, cropping system and production system agronomy and the sociology of innovation, in partnership with professionals in four study terrains: conventional field crops in France, organic farming in France and small-scale family farms in Brazil and Madagascar. After one year of operation, we present here the progress made towards answering the questions posed in this project, in terms of the positioning of research with respect to two key questions: first concerning the construction of an interdisciplinary approach in partnership to assist the innovation process and the generation of knowledge, and second the construction of an approach for comparing terrains in the North and South.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02753943, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 48283

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Stéphane de Tourdonnet, Bernard Triomphe, Eric Scopel. Ecological, technical and social innovation processes in conservation agriculture research position and first results of the ANR funded program PEPITES. ISDA 2010 Innovation and Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Food, Jun 2010, Montpellier, France. ⟨hal-02753943⟩

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