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Fatty acids affect micellar properties and modulate vitamin D uptake and basolateral efflux in Caco-2 cells

Abstract : We have recently shown that vitamin D-3 (cholecalciferol) absorption is not a simple passive diffusion but involves cholesterol transporters. As free fatty acids (FAs) modulate cholesterol intestinal absorption and metabolism, we hypothesized that FAs may also interact with vitamin D absorption. Effects of FAs were evaluated at different levels of cholecalciferol intestinal absorption. First, the physicochemical properties of micelles formed with different FAs were analyzed. The micelles were then administered to human Caco-2 cells in culture to evaluate FA effects on (i) cholecalciferol uptake and basolateral efflux and (ii) the regulation of genes coding proteins involved in lipid absorption process. Micellar electric charge was correlated with both FA chain length and degree of unsaturation. Long-chain FAs at 500 mu M in mixed micelles decreased cholecalciferol uptake in Caco-2 cells. This decrease was annihilated as soon as the long-chain FAs were mixed with other FAs. Oleic acid significantly improved cholecalciferol basolateral efflux compared to other FAs. These results were partly explained by a modulation of genes coding for lipid transport proteins such as Niemann-pick C1-like 1 and scavenger receptor class B type I. The data reported here show for the first time that FAs can interact with cholecalciferol intestinal absorption at different key steps of the absorption process. Cholecalciferol intestinal absorption may thus be optimized according to oil FA composition. (c) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Contributor : Emmanuelle Reboul Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 28, 2017 - 11:41:36 AM
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Aurélie Goncalves, Béatrice Gleize, Stéphanie Roi, Marion Nowicki, Amélie Dhaussy, et al.. Fatty acids affect micellar properties and modulate vitamin D uptake and basolateral efflux in Caco-2 cells. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2013, 24 (10), pp.1751 - 1757. ⟨10.1016/j.jnutbio.2013.03.004⟩. ⟨inserm-01478644⟩



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