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Screening of ordinary commercial varieties of apple fruits under different storage conditions for their potential vascular and metabolic protective properties

Abstract : Epidemiological studies reported that apple consumption is associated with a decrease of cardiovascular and metabolic dysfunction, probably due to the polyphenols and fibers present in this fruit. The storage conditions and genetic origin of apples have been reported to influence their content and, as a consequence , their pharmacological properties. The present study evaluated the influence of varieties and storage conditions of traditional and highly appreciated apples including Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith and Pink Lady varieties after harvest and storage under classic cold conditions, under a controlled atmosphere, or under extreme ultra-low oxygen conditions. Thus, a multi-parametric screening on cell models associated with vascular and metabolic dysfunctions-such as endothelial and smooth muscle cells, hepatocytes, adipocytes and macrophages-in relation to the apple polyphenol content has been developed. This strategy demonstrated that, overall, peeled apple samples exhibited a vascular tropism and acted mainly on proliferation and oxidative stress in endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Apple extracts appeared to be less effective on adipocytes and macrophages, but they exhibited antioxidant properties in hepatocytes. Among the varieties, Gala and Golden Delicious were the most efficient against the processes involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Concerning storage conditions, most of the apple varieties were more efficient under harvest conditions, while they could not be discriminated under all other cold conditions and the concentration used, except for the Gala samples. Interestingly, pharmacological properties were associated with the polyphenol profiles of freeze dried apple flesh powder. The present report revealed the potential use of some apple extracts as effective food supplements or nutraceuticals for the prevention and/or management of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2018 - 9:34:29 AM
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Raffaella Soleti, Gregory Hilairet, Patricia Mallegol, Catherine Dourguia, Mehdi Frifra, et al.. Screening of ordinary commercial varieties of apple fruits under different storage conditions for their potential vascular and metabolic protective properties. Food and Function, 2018, 9 (11), pp.5855-5867. ⟨10.1039/C8FO00967H⟩. ⟨inserm-01958474⟩



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