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Etude du déterminisme environnemental du cycle de reproduction chez la perche commune (Perca fluviatilis)

Abstract : This PhD thesis has determined the respective roles of photoperiod and temperature at the different and successive steps of the reproductive cycle (induction of the cycle, wintering period, spawning) in female Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis. Photoperiod is the main environmental factor which synchronizes the onset of the reproduction cycle in Eurasian perch female, temperature plays only a modulating role. A high photoperiod decrease of 4 or 8 hours is recommended. The maintenance of constant photoperiod based on a long photophase (17L: 7D) delays the onset of the reproductive cycle, whereas the maintenance of a warm and constant temperature (22-23°C) does not delay it. For the wintering period, a photoperiod with a short daylight period (8L : 16D) is required. Concerning the effect of temperature variations, a high and progressive temperature decrease (from 22 to 6°C over 16 weeks) is recommended to ensure a complete ovarian development (all oocytes achieved the advanced vitellogenesis stage at the end of the induction phase and and final maturation stage just before spawning). Slight temperature decreases (from 22 to 14-18°C) alter the reproduction, especially during the chilling period (wintering period). The final increase of temperature (up to 14°C) after the wintering period is the main factor for spawning synchronization. This study allowed the development of a reliable photo-thermal protocol for out-of-season spawning with very high rates (close to 100%) of female response and spawning
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  • HAL Id : tel-01748837, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 44596


Abdulbaset Abdulfatah. Etude du déterminisme environnemental du cycle de reproduction chez la perche commune (Perca fluviatilis). Sciences agricoles. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL054N⟩. ⟨tel-01748837⟩



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