Characteristics, risk factors and outcome of BKV nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients: a case–control study - Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et statistiques Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Infectious Diseases Year : 2023

Characteristics, risk factors and outcome of BKV nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients: a case–control study

Abstract

Abstract Background Following kidney transplantation, BK virus associated nephropathy (BKVN) occurs in 1 to 10% of kidney transplant recipients (KTR) and represents a major cause of graft loss. We aim at identifying factors associated with biopsy proven BKVN among KTR. Methods We conducted a retrospective case–control study including all KTR with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of BKVN between 2005 and 2019. Clinical characteristics and outcome were described. For each case, one control KTR without BKV infection was identified and matched by age, transplant date, and donor status. Factors associated with BKVN diagnosis were identified using exact conditional logistic regression. Comparative survival was described using Kaplan–Meier estimator. Results Sixty-four cases of BKVN were identified among 1737 new kidney transplantation (3.7% prevalence). Clinical characteristics did not differ between groups, except for a higher c-PRA among cases. BKVN occurred in a median time of 11 (5–14.5) months after KT, and was associated with a significantly impaired graft function at diagnosis. Following BKVN, 61 (95%) of the patients had immunosuppression reduction, which led to BKV DNAemia resolution in 49% of cases. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with BKVN diagnosis were lymphopenia < 500/mm 3 and a prednisone dose > 7.5 mg/day. Median duration of follow-up was 40 months for both groups. BKVN was associated with a significantly increased risk of graft rejection ( P = 0.02) and return to dialysis ( P = 0.01). Conclusions BKVN remains a severe complication in KTR and is associated with an increased risk for acute rejection and return to dialysis. Lymphopenia below 500/mm 3 and corticosteroid maintenance therapy are significantly associated with biopsy-proven BKVN diagnosis.
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hal-04088405 , version 1 (04-05-2023)

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Julien Gras, Arnaud Le Flécher, Axelle Dupont, Jérôme Vérine, Ali Amara, et al.. Characteristics, risk factors and outcome of BKV nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients: a case–control study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 2023, 23 (74), pp.1-10. ⟨10.1186/s12879-023-08043-z⟩. ⟨hal-04088405⟩
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