New sensitive tools to characterize meta-metabolome response to short- and long-term cobalt exposure in dynamic river biofilm communities - Ecosystèmes aquatiques et changements globaux Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2024

New sensitive tools to characterize meta-metabolome response to short- and long-term cobalt exposure in dynamic river biofilm communities

Abstract

Untargeted metabolomics is a non-a priori analysis of biomolecules that characterizes the metabolome variations induced by short- and long-term exposures to stressors. Even if the metabolite annotation remains lacunar due to database gaps, the global metabolomic fingerprint allows for trend analyses of dose-response curves for hundreds of cellular metabolites. Analysis of dose/time-response curve trends (biphasic or monotonic) of untargeted metabolomic features would thus allow the use of all the chemical signals obtained in order to determine stress levels (defense or damage) in organisms. To develop this approach in a context of time-dependent microbial community changes, mature river biofilms were exposed for 1 month to four cobalt (Co) concentrations (from background concentration to 1 × 10−6 M) in an open system of artificial streams. The meta-metabolomic response of biofilms was compared against a multitude of biological parameters (including bioaccumulation, biomass, chlorophyll a content, composition and structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities) monitored at set exposure times (from 1 h to 28 d). Cobalt exposure induced extremely rapid responses of the meta-metabolome, with time range inducing defense responses (TRIDeR) of around 10 s, and time range inducing damage responses (TRIDaR) of several hours. Even in biofilms whose structure had been altered by Co bioaccumulation (reduced biomass, chlorophyll a contents and changes in the composition and diversity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities), concentration range inducing defense responses (CRIDeR) with similar initiation thresholds (1.41 ± 0.77 × 10−10 M Co2+ added in the exposure medium) were set up at the meta-metabolome level at every time point. In contrast, the concentration range inducing damage responses (CRIDaR) initiation thresholds increased by 10 times in long-term Co exposed biofilms. The present study demonstrates that defense and damage responses of biofilm meta-metabolome exposed to Co are rapidly and sustainably impacted, even within tolerant and resistant microbial communities.
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hal-04554625 , version 1 (22-04-2024)

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Simon Colas, Benjamin Marie, Soizic Morin, Mathieu Milhe-Poutingon, Pierre Foucault, et al.. New sensitive tools to characterize meta-metabolome response to short- and long-term cobalt exposure in dynamic river biofilm communities. Science of the Total Environment, 2024, 927, pp.171851. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.171851⟩. ⟨hal-04554625⟩
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