Sensitivity of surface soil moisture retrieval to satellite-derived vegetation descriptors over wheat fields in the Kairouan plain - Département MathNum Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Remote Sensing Year : 2023

Sensitivity of surface soil moisture retrieval to satellite-derived vegetation descriptors over wheat fields in the Kairouan plain

Abstract

Soil moisture estimation is a key component in hydrological processes and irrigation amounts' estimation. The synergetic use of optical and radar data has been proven to retrieve the surface soil moisture at a field scale using the Water Cloud Model (WCM). In this work, we evaluate the impact of staellite-derived vegetation descriptors to estimate the surface soil moisture. Therefore, we used the Sentinel-1 data to test the polarization ratio (σ0VH/σ0VV) and the normalized polarization ratio (IN) and the frequently used optical Normalized Difference vegetation Index (NDVI) as vegetation descriptors. Synchronous with Sentinel-1 acquisitions, in situ soil moisture were collected over wheat fields in the Kairouan plain in the center of Tunisia. To avoid the bare soil roughness effect and the radar signal saturation in dense vegetation context, we considered the data where the NDVI values vary between 0.25 and 0.7. The soil moisture inversion using the WCM and NDVI as a vegetation descriptor was characterized by an RMSE value of 5.6 vol.%. A relatively close performance was obtained using IN and (σ0VH/σ0VV) with RMSE under 7. 5 vol.%. The results revealed the consistency of the radar-derived data in describing the vegetation for the retrieval of soil moisture.
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Dates and versions

hal-04263714 , version 1 (30-10-2023)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Cite

Emna Ayari, Mehrez Zribi, Zohra Lili-Chabaane, Zeineb Kassouk, Lionel Jarlan, et al.. Sensitivity of surface soil moisture retrieval to satellite-derived vegetation descriptors over wheat fields in the Kairouan plain. European Journal of Remote Sensing, 2023, 56 (1), pp.2260555. ⟨10.1080/22797254.2023.2260555⟩. ⟨hal-04263714⟩
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