GWABLUP: genome-wide association assisted best linear unbiased prediction of genetic values - Genetics Selection Evolution Access content directly
Journal Articles Genetics Selection Evolution Year : 2024

GWABLUP: genome-wide association assisted best linear unbiased prediction of genetic values

Theo Meuwissen
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Leiv Sigbjorn Eikje
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Arne B. Gjuvsland
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Abstract

AbstractBackgroundSince the very beginning of genomic selection, researchers investigated methods that improved upon SNP-BLUP (single nucleotide polymorphism best linear unbiased prediction). SNP-BLUP gives equal weight to all SNPs, whereas it is expected that many SNPs are not near causal variants and thus do not have substantial effects. A recent approach to remedy this is to use genome-wide association study (GWAS) findings and increase the weights of GWAS-top-SNPs in genomic predictions. Here, we employ a genome-wide approach to integrate GWAS results into genomic prediction, called GWABLUP.ResultsGWABLUP consists of the following steps: (1) performing a GWAS in the training data which results in likelihood ratios; (2) smoothing the likelihood ratios over the SNPs; (3) combining the smoothed likelihood ratio with the prior probability of SNPs having non-zero effects, which yields the posterior probability of the SNPs; (4) calculating a weighted genomic relationship matrix using the posterior probabilities as weights; and (5) performing genomic prediction using the weighted genomic relationship matrix. Using high-density genotypes and milk, fat, protein and somatic cell count phenotypes on dairy cows, GWABLUP was compared to GBLUP, GBLUP (topSNPs) with extra weights for GWAS top-SNPs, and BayesGC, i.e. a Bayesian variable selection model. The GWAS resulted in six, five, four, and three genome-wide significant peaks for milk, fat and protein yield and somatic cell count, respectively. GWABLUP genomic predictions were 10, 6, 7 and 1% more reliable than those of GBLUP for milk, fat and protein yield and somatic cell count, respectively. It was also more reliable than GBLUP (topSNPs) for all four traits, and more reliable than BayesGC for three of the traits. Although GWABLUP showed a tendency towards inflation bias for three of the traits, this was not statistically significant. In a multitrait analysis, GWABLUP yielded the highest accuracy for two of the traits. However, for SCC, which was relatively unrelated to the yield traits, including yield trait GWAS-results reduced the reliability compared to a single trait analysis.ConclusionsGWABLUP uses GWAS results to differentially weigh all the SNPs in a weighted GBLUP genomic prediction analysis. GWABLUP yielded up to 10% and 13% more reliable genomic predictions than GBLUP for single and multitrait analyses, respectively. Extension of GWABLUP to single-step analyses is straightforward.
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Dates and versions

hal-04487622 , version 1 (04-03-2024)

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Theo Meuwissen, Leiv Sigbjorn Eikje, Arne B. Gjuvsland. GWABLUP: genome-wide association assisted best linear unbiased prediction of genetic values. Genetics Selection Evolution, 2024, 56 (1), pp.17. ⟨10.1186/s12711-024-00881-y⟩. ⟨hal-04487622⟩
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