Microbiome composition as a potential predictor of longevity in rabbits - Genetics Selection Evolution Access content directly
Journal Articles Genetics Selection Evolution Year : 2024

Microbiome composition as a potential predictor of longevity in rabbits


AbstractBackgroundLongevity and resilience are two fundamental traits for more sustainable livestock production. These traits are closely related, as resilient animals tend to have longer lifespans. An interesting criterion for increasing longevity in rabbit could be based on the information provided by its gut microbiome. The gut microbiome is essential for regulating health and plays crucial roles in the development of the immune system. The aim of this research was to investigate if animals with different longevities have different microbial profiles. We sequenced the 16S rRNA gene from soft faeces from 95 does. First, we compared two maternal rabbit lines with different longevities; a standard longevity maternal line (A) and a maternal line (LP) that was founded based on longevity criteria: females with a minimum of 25 parities with an average prolificacy per parity of 9 or more. Second, we compared the gut microbiota of two groups of animals from line LP with different longevities: females that died/were culled with two parities or less (LLP) and females with more than 15 parities (HLP).ResultsDifferences in alpha and beta diversity were observed between lines A and LP, and a partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed a high prediction accuracy (> 91%) of classification of animals to line A versus LP (146 amplicon sequence variants (ASV)). The PLS-DA also showed a high prediction accuracy (> 94%) to classify animals to the LLP and HLP groups (53 ASV). Interestingly, some of the most important taxa identified in the PLS-DA were common to both comparisons (Akkermansia, Christensenellaceae R-7, UnculturedEubacteriaceae, among others) and have been reported to be related to resilience and longevity.ConclusionsOur results indicate that the first parity gut microbiome profile differs between the two rabbit maternal lines (A and LP) and, to a lesser extent, between animals of line LP with different longevities (LLP and HLP). Several genera were able to discriminate animals from the two lines and animals with different longevities, which shows that the gut microbiome could be used as a predictive factor for longevity, or as a selection criterion for these traits.
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Dates and versions

hal-04531073 , version 1 (03-04-2024)



Iliyass Biada, Noelia Ibáñez-Escriche, Agustín Blasco, Cristina Casto-Rebollo, Maria A. Santacreu. Microbiome composition as a potential predictor of longevity in rabbits. Genetics Selection Evolution, 2024, 56 (1), pp.25. ⟨10.1186/s12711-024-00895-6⟩. ⟨hal-04531073⟩
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