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Journal Articles Ultrasonics Sonochemistry Year : 2024

Investigation of the physico-chemical properties of Ni-Mg-Al-La catalysts from ultrasound-assisted synthesis

Abstract

This work reports on the ultrasonic synthesis of layered double hydroxides (LDH), also known as hydrotalcite-type materials. We have studied the influence of ultrasonic irradiation parameters (power, time, temperature) on the physicochemical properties of Ni2Mg4Al1.8La0.2 hydrotalcite-type precursors and related mixed oxides (MO). The low-frequency acoustic cavitation (22 kHz) was applied during the precipitation and aging steps of co-precipitation synthesis and the results were compared to the classical preparation route. The materials were characterized by ATR-FTIR, XRD, N2 adsorption–desorption, SEM-EDX, S/TEM-HAADF, and XPS. Using the combination of acoustic cavitation-assisted precipitation and aging steps, XRD experiments show a higher purity hydrotalcite phase and a better incorporation of lanthanum ions into the LDH structure. As expected, morphological characterization shows a reduction in average crystallite size and an increase in surface area and pore volume, combined with a drastic reduction in synthesis time (45 min at room temperature versus 19 h at 60 °C in conventional synthesis). The insertion of a larger quantity of La is observed by S/TEM-EDSX mapping which also shows a better distribution of lanthanum atoms within the LDH and mixed oxide structures.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Dates and versions

hal-04458991 , version 1 (20-02-2024)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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H. Kalawoun, Carmen Ciotonea, M. Marinova, Cédric Gennequin, François Delattre. Investigation of the physico-chemical properties of Ni-Mg-Al-La catalysts from ultrasound-assisted synthesis. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2024, 104, pp.106806. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2024.106806⟩. ⟨hal-04458991⟩
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