Seed predation-induced Allee effects, seed dispersal and masting jointly drive the diversity of seed sources during population expansion - Ecologie des Forêts Méditerranéennes Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Seed predation-induced Allee effects, seed dispersal and masting jointly drive the diversity of seed sources during population expansion

Violette Doublet
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1160877
Lionel Roques
Etienne K Klein
Thomas Boivin

Abstract

The environmental factors affecting plant reproduction and effective dispersal, in particular biotic interactions, have a strong influence on plant expansion dynamics, but their demographic and genetic consequences remain an understudied body of theory. Here, we use a mathematical model in a one-dimensional space and on a single reproductive period to describe the joint effects of predispersal seed insect predators foraging strategy and plant reproduction strategy (masting) on the spatio-temporal dynamics of seed sources diversity in the colonisation front of expanding plant populations. We show that certain foraging strategies can result in a higher seed predation rate at the colonisation front compared to the core of the population, leading to an Allee effect. This effect promotes the contribution of seed sources from the core to the colonisation front, with long-distance dispersal further increasing this contribution. As a consequence, our study reveals a novel impact of the predispersal seed predation-induced Allee effect, which mitigates the erosion of diversity in expanding populations. We use rearrangement inequalities to show that masting has a buffering role: it mitigates this seed predation-induced Allee effect. This study shows that predispersal seed predation, plant reproductive strategies and seed dispersal patterns can be intermingled drivers of the diversity of seed sources in expanding plant populations, and opens new perspectives concerning the analysis of more complex models such as integro-difference or reaction-diffusion equations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03768265 , version 1 (02-09-2022)
hal-03768265 , version 2 (25-08-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03768265 , version 2

Cite

Violette Doublet, Lionel Roques, Etienne K Klein, François Lefèvre, Thomas Boivin. Seed predation-induced Allee effects, seed dispersal and masting jointly drive the diversity of seed sources during population expansion. 2023. ⟨hal-03768265v2⟩
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