SPMD (Semi-Permeable Membrane Device) - availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)in river waters and wastewater treatment plant effluents - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds Year : 2004

SPMD (Semi-Permeable Membrane Device) - availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)in river waters and wastewater treatment plant effluents

Abstract

River waters and wastewater treatment plant effluents contain hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) which are persistent, bioaccumulative and dangerous for the environment. The biological risk assessment of HOCs requires the estimation of their bioavailable fraction in addition to the total contamination of the media. The bioavailability of HOCs depends on the characteristics of the aquatic environments. In particular, the presence of organic matter (OM) usually reduces the bioavailability of HOCs by trapping them and preventing them from crossing biological membranes.The SPMD (Semi-Permeable Membrane Device) technique is used to evaluate bioavailable fractions of HOCs. We tested the influence of aquatic and more particularly OM characteristics upon the SPMD-availability of PAHs, in several river waters (up and downstream a big town) and in wastewater treatment plant effluents. 13 priority PAHs were analyzed in total water and in SPMDs. Aquatic environments were characterised for their pH, ionic strength, temperature, chlorophyll A and suspended solids contents. Total and dissolved OMs were characterised for aromaticity, biodegradability, molecular weight and hydrophobicity. The total PAHs contamination increased downstream the river ; wastewater effluents were proven to be a source of SPMD-available PAHs. We attempted to establish relationships between the characteristics of organic matter and the SPMD-availability in order to initiate an aquatic environment typology : the SPMD-availability was negatively related to dissolved OM molecular weight and aromaticity and positively related to biodegradability.
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hal-02583511 , version 1 (14-05-2020)

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Cecile Miege, Catherine Gourlay-Francé, Marie-Hélène Tusseau-Vuillemin, Dan Wang, S. Durand, et al.. SPMD (Semi-Permeable Membrane Device) - availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)in river waters and wastewater treatment plant effluents. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 2004, 24, pp.805-825. ⟨hal-02583511⟩
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