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How to improve geospatial data usability: from metadata to quality-aware GIS community

Résumé : The field of Geomatics/GISciences witnessed major changes since its origins in the 1960s. If developments in this field first looked at ways to transfer and store spatial and semantic information from paper documents into computers (e.g. spatial data structures - raster vs vector; scan; topology), the focus moved later to the design of more advanced ways to store, retrieve and analyze geospatial data. The field grew exponentially and, in the last two decades, organisations started to realise that a large volume of geospatial data were produced, but mostly remained unknown from many potential users (even within a same organisation). In order to have a better Return on Investment (ROI), and to encourage an increased use, organisations and countries started to develop initiatives like Digital Libraries and Spatial Data Infrastructures. This moved the research focus from the systems themselves to data transfers and reuse issues (e.g. interoperability, metadata, ontologies, data fusion). We are nowadays entering the next phase: the widespread usage of these data by people who haven't collected or integrated them and may not have been initially targeted as primary users. With the increasing ease of access to geospatial data and with the user-friendliness of today's Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related web-based solutions, geospatial information is more than ever reaching the hands of the general public (e.g. Google Earth, Virtual Earth). Similarly, expert users in different fields of applications have also seen their number increasing by orders of magnitudes worldwide. Digital Libraries and Spatial Data Infrastructures are now facing huge downloads. For instance, the Canadian Web portal Geobase that provides free access to geospatial data (e.g. DEM, road network), had an increase from about 210,000 downloads in 2003-2004, to about 600,000 in 2004-2005, and more than 2,200,000 downloads in 2005-2006. In addition, GIS applications are not anymore restricted to traditional land/resources-related uses but now reach most disciplines, ranging from Science/Engineering to Human/Social or Medical Sciences. Consequently, most of the new users have limited or no knowledge of the geospatial field and the underlying nature of spatial referencing (e.g. reference systems/projections, scale, generalisation, accuracy). Furthermore, it appears that problems faced by users from the general public are also emerging more often than ever before. Similarly, users having an expertise in geomatics often just cannot know the key characteristics which are necessary to assess the usefulness of the data being downloaded, nor the added uncertainty resulting from the integration of such datasets. Consequently, an increasingly important research agenda is now to make sure the level of usability of spatial data is better known for contexts that were not always planned when the data were collected. One objective is to try to reduce the risks of misuse of these data and the risks of potential accidents that could result from these misuses.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02589086
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 1:13:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 3:14:28 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02589086, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00021630

Citation

Rodolphe Devillers, Y. Bedard, M. Gervais, Robert Jeansoulin, François Pinet, et al.. How to improve geospatial data usability: from metadata to quality-aware GIS community. AGILE Pre-Conference working group on spatial data usability, Aalborg, Denmark, DNK, 8 May 2007, 2007, pp.6. ⟨hal-02589086⟩

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