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Diuron biotransformation and its effects on biofilm bacterial community structure

Abstract : The effect of realistic environmental contamination of diuron on natural epilithic biofilms dwelling bacterial communities and their transformation capacities were investigated by using microcosm experiments. Cobbles carrying biofilms from two sites (Pau and Lacq) located in areas of contrasting pesticide use (urban and agricultural) on the Gave de Pau river (South-West France) were analysed. The water of the upstream site, Pau, was characterised by fewer pesticides than the water of Lacq, whereas concentrations were higher at Pau. The sampled cobbles were exposed to diuron (10 µg/L) in microcosms. After 3 weeks of exposure, pesticides were analysed and bacterial community structures were assessed with terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). Diuron was biotransformed during contact with biofilms, revealing that these communities contribute to the production of DCPMU (1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylurea) and DCPU metabolites (1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl) urea) in the river ecosystems. Bacterial communities from the most contaminated site appeared to be more resistant to diuron exposure. Correlation analyses combining chemical data with molecular fingerprinting showed that past in situ exposure drove the response of the bacterial communities.
Mots-clés : POCIS DIURON
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 5:37:41 PM
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M. Vercraene Eairmal, Béatrice Lauga, Stéphanie Saint-Laurent, Nicolas Mazzella, Sébastien Boutry, et al.. Diuron biotransformation and its effects on biofilm bacterial community structure. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2010, 81, pp.837-843. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.08.014⟩. ⟨hal-02593785⟩



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