Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture et principes de justice : quelques effets des contrats agro-environnementaux en France. Étude de cas sur un département (Dordogne)

Abstract : Efforts to include multifunctionality in agricultural policies can be seen as a response to two important changes underway since the 1990s: economic liberalization and environmental conservation. Public policies now encourage production systems that preserve natural resources while maintaining jobs and the social fabric in rural areas. In this paper we investigate the effectiveness and equity of the principles behind the distribution of public subsidies through Land Management Agreements (LMA, Contrats territoriaux d'exploitation), the principal agricultural multifunctionality instrument deployed in France. In an overview of the theories of social justice, we identify several competing principles of justice and demonstrate that the LMA scheme leads to a mode of regulation that is compatible with Rawls' principle of difference. Though the LMA itself may benefit to larger farms, the agri-environmental measures (AEM, Mesures agrienvironnementales) linked to the LMA had the direct effect of reducing gaps in incomes between participating farmers. We also point out the difficulties involved in reconciling equity and multifunctionality at any scale of implementation (individual farm, territory, etc.). Such difficulties are seen to arise from the apparent incompatibility of the principle of equality, invoked by proponents of rural viability, and the principle of merit, invoked by proponents of environmental stewardship.
Mots-clés : CONTRAT SOCIAL
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02593909
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 5:45:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 3:05:33 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02593909, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00029898

Collections

Citation

Nathalie Lewis, Jacqueline Candau, Philippe Deuffic, Sylvie Ferrari, Mbolatiana Rambonilaza. Multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture et principes de justice : quelques effets des contrats agro-environnementaux en France. Étude de cas sur un département (Dordogne). Justice spatiale - Spatial justice, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, UMR LAVUE 7218, Laboratoire Mosaïques, 2010, pp.23. ⟨hal-02593909⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

63