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Journal articles

Single and mixture effects of pesticides and a degradation product on fluvial biofilms

Abstract : The Morcille River located in the Beaujolais vineyard area (Eastern France) is subjected to strong vine-growing pressure leading to the contamination by a range of herbicides and fungicides of the surrounding freshwater environment. Particularly high concentrations of norflurazon, desmethyl norflurazon and tebuconazole were recorded in spring 2010 at the downstream site of the river. Despite their occurrence in rivers, scarce toxicity data are available for these products, in particular in the case of desmethyl norflurazon (main norflurazon degradation product). Furthermore, the toxicity data are generally available only for single compounds and are issued from single species toxicity tests, leading to a lack of ecological relevance. Consequently, this study was undertaken to evaluate the toxic effects of norflurazon, desmethyl norflurazon and tebuconazole singly and in a ternary mixture on fluvial biofilm. Toxicity tests were performed in microplates for 48 h. Photosynthetic endpointsweremeasured using pulse amplitude-modulated fluorometry; diatom densities and taxonomic composition were determined. After 48 h of exposure, significant effects on optimal quantumyield (Fv/Fm) for desmethyl norflurazon and mixturewere observed.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 3:29:23 AM
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S. Kim Tiam, X. Libert, Soizic Morin, P. Gonzalez, A. Feurtet Mazel, et al.. Single and mixture effects of pesticides and a degradation product on fluvial biofilms. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2014, 186, pp.3931-3939. ⟨10.1007/s10661-014-3669-x⟩. ⟨hal-02599815⟩



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