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Can POCIS be used in Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) monitoring networks? A study focusing on pesticides in a French agricultural watershed

Abstract : In this study, the main current limitations in the application of the Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (POCIS) in regulatory monitoring programmes were evaluated. POCIS were exposed from March to December by successive periods of 14 days in the River Trec (Lot et Garonne, France) and analysed for 34 pesticides. The study of the uncertainty related to the POCIS data was performed and we concluded that it might be up to 138%, which is higher than European Union requirements but this issue was adequately counterbalanced by the gain of temporal representativeness. Comparison with data from the official monitoring programme from the French Water Agency showed that the POCIS is already suitable for both operational and investigative monitoring. The sampled fraction issue, and then compliance with Environmental Quality Standards, was also addressed. It was confirmed that POCIS samples only the dissolved fraction of dimethenamid and showed that for compounds like atrazine, desethylatrazine and metolachlor, the POCIS concentration is equivalent to the whole water concentration. For dimethenamid, which exhibited a tendency to adsorb on suspended matter, a method was suggested to assess the raw water concentration from the POCIS measure. Finally, an innovative procedure for using passive sampler data for compliance checks in the framework of surveillance monitoring is proposed.
Mots-clés : POCIS
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Journal articles
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02600155
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 4:10:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:54:09 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02600155, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00041697

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Gaëlle Poulier, S. Lissalde, Annabelle Charriau, R. Buzier, François Delmas, et al.. Can POCIS be used in Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) monitoring networks? A study focusing on pesticides in a French agricultural watershed. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2014, 497-498, pp.282-292. ⟨hal-02600155⟩

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