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Vertical flow constructed wetlands subject to load variations : an improved design methodology connected to outlet quality objectives.

Abstract : This study set out to assess how vertical flow constructed wetlands (vfCW) adapt to different types of tourism-driven variations in influent load, i.e. (i) campsites, closed for six months of the year and featuring a two-month-only window of high-season activity, and (ii) tourist-interest villages either hosting tourists over at least the six months of summer while the permanent population is resident or summer festivals that create intense pollution loads in a short burst of just a few days. The study surveyed 4 campsites and 4 tourist-interest villages that were monitored for several years, generating over 70 performance balances for vfCW that were intentionally scaled down in relation to the conventional French design for experimental trials. The influent wastewater effectively qualifies as domestic sewage, although relatively concentrated, with the campsites presenting particularly high nitrogen concentrations (122 gTKN.L-1). The applied daily loads were also particularly high, with some combinations of load parameters (hydraulic load, organic matter, TKN) leading to 400% overloading. Even under these drastic conditions, quality of effluent remained excellent on the characteristic organic matter parameters, with removal performances always over 85%. However, nitrification performances were poor to good. Analysis of the dataset points to two major design thresholds: For campsites, in order to keep a 73% nitrification rate even at the height of the summer season, the load applied to the 1st stage filter in operation has to be capped at less than 600 gCOD.m-².d-1. For tourist-interest villages, in order to keep an 85% nitrification rate in the summer season, the load applied to the 2nd stage filter in operation has to be capped at less than 22 gTKN.m-².d-1. Here, vfCW were demonstrated to robustly handle a massive increase in loads applied, providing the wetland construction and operation stringently follow best design standards and practices.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02601664
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Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 10:41:03 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 3:43:34 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02601664, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00044862

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Catherine Boutin, S. Prost Boucle. Vertical flow constructed wetlands subject to load variations : an improved design methodology connected to outlet quality objectives.. 14th IWA international conference on wetland systems for water pollution control (ICWS 2014), Oct 2014, Shanghai, China. pp.8. ⟨hal-02601664⟩

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